The Indian-Pakistani border conflict escalates: Pakistan’s air force has shot down on Wednesday, two Indian military aircraft. A machine is in the Pakistan and in the Indian part of Kashmir brought down. An Indian Pilot was captured by Pakistani troops. Two pilots and a civilian were killed.

Pakistani pilots had apparently flown over briefly the so-called line of control, whereupon they were forced back by Indian Jets. On the return flight, the Pakistanis dropped bombs.

On Wednesday morning, India announced that his forces had shot down a Pakistani machines.

VIEW answers the most important questions to the decades-old conflict.

The two countries are arguing about who owns the border regions of Jammu and Kashmir. From 1858 until 1947, the territories of the present-day States were ruled India and Pakistan by the British, and “British India”. After independence, the two States were formed: In India, many Hindus live in Pakistan is majority Muslim. The then ruler of Jammu and Kashmir was a Hindu and decided that the two border regions should belong to India, although the majority of the population are Muslims. With the division of Kashmir as a compromise, none of the States is satisfied.

again and again it comes on both sides to attacks with the dead. 14. February, died in a suicide attack 41 the Indian security forces. Behind the fact the Islamist group Jaish-e-Mohammed was, according to Indian information. The Indian government has accused Pakistan of the attack supports. 26. February attacked Indian Armeejets a “terrorist camp” in the Pakistani part of Kashmir. For years, there was no airspace violation.

Both countries have the nuclear bomb. In the case of Pakistan, it goes from 145 warheads, India 135. It is estimated that Pakistan is at great threat would be ready to lead the first strike.

There were a total of four wars that broke out in 1947, 1965, 1971 and 1999. Since 1988, the area around 45’000 people have died in the crisis through attacks have killed.

The UN-initiated in 1949 in the border area of the observer mission, “United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan” (UNMOGIP). The group consists of around 100 people. Also, Switzerland has been participating since 2014 – currently with three military observers.

Mauro Mantovani, senior lecturer, Strategic studies, military Academy, ETH Zurich, says: “This Indian air attack meant an escalation to the extent that it is the first Time since the Indo-Pakistan war of 1971, the air force in the air space of Pakistan and the Pakistan claimed the Japanese part of Kashmir came to pass. The Indian failure could well lead to India, in turn, an approach with ground forces beyond the demarcation line into consideration, such as least 2016.” The Pakistani response is difficult to estimate and depends also from the influence of American diplomacy, which had so far always successfully, to prevent situations from escalating. Both countries are informed immediately that they were not interested in further escalation.