first, the landlord (the owner or charterer under the contract of social hiring, the employer, service apartments) in most cases now pays the utilities for meter readings. In this case, no matter how many people was in the apartment at the place of residence (permanent) or place of stay (temporarily). Temporary registration of citizens in the apartment, if they live in the premise for more than 90 days, says the Deputy Director of the Association “housing and the urban environment” Dmitry Gordeyev. But if there are metering devices of hot and cold water, power or household gas, utilities occurs according to the standards of consumption. In this case, the ratios are multiplied by the number of resident citizens, and not necessarily registered. In addition to charging for utilities to permanently or temporarily registered citizens fee should be charged on temporary residents (guests, for example) who live in the apartment for more than 5 days. This requirement of the Rules of granting of utilities. To do “residence permit” temporary residents staying less than 90 days, not necessarily, but you need to report the guests to the management organization or HOA. These “extra” people will take into account when charging for utilities. If there are individual meters, based on the number of residents doing the calculation for gas, cold and hot water, Sewerage, electricity. Sometimes we can count a fee for garbage collection (in some regions it is charged by the number of tenants, in others on the basis of the area of housing).
If the owner of the apartment in which no individual meters, was not informed in time about their guests or tenants, neighbors or management organization can make the act on the residence of these tenants. The procedure for the preparation of an act defined in section 56(1) of the Rules of public services, approved by government resolution №354 of may 6, 2011. If the landlord refuses to sign the act, it can be signed by the representative of the management or resource providers, two neighbors and a member of Council of an apartment house (or the Chairman of the TSZH or ZHSK). Then this act is passed in the internal Affairs bodies. In the future, under the act, the management organization or HOA can charge a fee for utilities based on a more accurate number of residents. And the date of stay of temporary residents, which are not reported by the owner of the apartment, is the first day of the month in which the act was drafted.
the Direction of act in the bodies of internal Affairs due to the fact that in addition to violations of an order of payment of utility services is a high probability of infringement of the registration rules of civil��n at the place of residence and stay. In practice, however, said Gordeyev, and employees of the management organization and the President of the HOA, and the police will be very difficult to prove that these people actually live in the apartment for more than five days (have to prove in a dispute, if dissatisfied, the owner will return, for example, to court, to control or to the Prosecutor). If it can be done, it is usually only through an honest recognition of “temporary” residents or irrefutable evidence.
“actually, those uncommitted people bring the losses are not a management organization or HOA and their neighbors. If the apartment is without water meters was one person, and live the five, then, for example, water, which has spent those unaccounted people, arithmetically paid as the water that was used to maintain the common property in the house. This charge is distributed proportionally to all bona fide owners of apartments in the house”, – says Gordeev.
There is another case of application of norms of consumption based on the number of people. This time without proof of residence. Under paragraph 56(2) of the Rules of utility services in the absence of permanently and temporarily residing in the residential premises of citizens, the volume of public services is calculated based on the number of owners of such premises. One owner means one standard, five owners, five related regulations.