Intel announced the development of the neuromorphic processor is able to distinguish odors. Electronic “nose” that mimic the structure and electrical activity of the brain, can recognize the presence in the air of ten hazardous substances.
the Chip is arranged by analogy with the olfactory bulbs are groups of neurons in the brain, which perceive the signal coming from the olfactory cells of the nose. Then follicles send the signal to other areas of the brain that allows a person to perceive, for example, the scent of flowers or the stench of the garbage heap. The presence of follicles is typical for mammals, but similar structures exist and insects.
the olfactory System serve as an excellent example to create neuromorphic chips, says Mike Davis, Director of the laboratory of Intel’s Neuromorphic Computing Lab. With the participation of neurophysiologists, the company developed a processor with a “scent” that is activated when the chemical sensors and their 72 pieces – face with a certain odor.
While neuromorphic chip from Intel is being a very early prototype, writes MIT Technology Review. However, due to the high learning speed, the processor is able to distinguish ten odors of hazardous substances, including acetone, ammonia and methane.
In the long term, new development may be the main devices for detecting the presence of explosives or chemical spill on the businesses. In addition to olfaction, the scientists hope to endow Intel chip capabilities of other senses, such as sight and touch.