– a Major British publishing house in English has published a 2-volume textbook on the history of international relations and foreign policy of Russia in the XX century, published in Moscow state Institute of international relations (University) of the MFA of Russia. The mere fact of such publication in our days – the event is clearly not ordinary and quite remarkable. Indeed, the current state of relations between Russia and great Britain, as it is known, leaves much to be desired. But the publication, in question, confirms that, first, science, culture, art and education universal in nature and stronger than many of the sanctions and prohibitions. And the heads of major British publishers understand the importance of development of cooperation with scholars, historians and political scientists of Russia.
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second, it is clear that a commercial publisher comes from the fact that the Russian textbook will be of interest to the British and more broadly English-speaking reader and be profitable for the publisher.
third, the publication in such a conservative society like England, Russian books is only possible for scientific and educational literature, written at a very high level.
The world historical and political science literature for many years are lively creative discussion about the main directions and trends of world development. It is widely recognized that humanity in the twentieth century has passed through a complex, global and highly controversial stage.
the tutorial is overcome Eurocentric focus of conventional textbooks. Complete picture of the world you can create, exploring, in addition to Europe, international relations in Asia, in Africa, in Latin America. So the reader will be able to understand the logic of world development, interaction different countries and continents
And textbook authors to show knowledge and understanding of these trends and nature of international relations this time. The ratio of domestic and foreign policy, the specifics of this relationship in the twentieth century is covered in detail in the textbook. And they are particularly interesting in relation to Russia and the Russian revolution of 1917-1922, as well as coverage of the impact of the global economic crisis in the late 20’s and early 30-ies. Remarkable communication the history of international relations with the technological progress that has been observed in the XX century, especially after world war II.
of Course, the most important of the twentieth century – world war and successive periods of confrontation, hostility and agreements of cooperation. These factors attract the attention of the authors of the textbook, because of these obvious questions in the world history there are various, sometimes quite contradictory points of view. I think, for foreign readers especially interesting to know the position of Russian scientists. We note immediately that the estimates of the authors are balanced and take into account the impact of the various causes, conditions and consequences of those or other international events.
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In recent years, Russian historians have significantly stepped up their efforts to highlight the causes and consequences of the First world in Russia and all over the world. In assessing the history of this war, the authors of the textbook have overcome the simplistic interpretation that dominated the national historiography for many years. This is especially related to the impact of the First world war on the revolutionary process in 1917. The Treaty of Versailles, laid the foundations of the postwar world order, are covered in the tutorial with the modern ratings in the world historiograIFE and political science. Very important today and evaluation of the problem of the origin and outbreak of the Second world war. For foreign readers, no doubt, useful to know about the Russian interpretation of the essence of the Munich agreement in 1938, which in fact was the prelude of disaster.
it is also Possible to appreciate the analysis of the interaction of geopolitical, legal and moral factors of the events of August-September 1939. And more than important question about the end of the Second world war and the role the Soviet Union played in the liberation of Eastern Europe from fascism.
the Second volume of the textbook is dedicated to world events since 1945. In Western literature is dominated by clichés about the responsibility of the Soviet Union for the emergence of the cold war. In Soviet and in Russian historiography the main fault lies with the US and its allies. In the book within the volume attempts to analyze the position of both parties, their conceptual units and their values that led to the cold war.
In the world scientific literature is an ongoing debate about the nature and the fate of the Yalta-Potsdam system. The undoubted advantage of the textbook is that the authors analyze not only the course of events in the postwar period, but also give an estimate of the post-war system in theoretical terms and in terms of comparison with the fate of other international political systems.
the English reader will gain insight not only about the era of the cold war, but the circumstances that led to its termination.
I would Like to emphasize that in the two volumes is overcome Eurocentric focus of conventional textbooks. The book focuses significant attention on the problems of international relations in Asia, in Africa, in Latin America. Combining developments in these regions with the European development allowed Russian scientists to describe the full picture of the world.
the Reader, specifically the student will be able to understand the logic of sharedirobogo development, interaction between different countries and continents. Like every new edition, the textbook can make some comments, but it will in the future. But for now, I repeat: a translation and edition of the book in Britain will undoubtedly make a significant contribution to scientific and educational cooperation of historians and political scientists of Russia and other countries.