Three million coins in honor of a British exit from the European Union. In the United Kingdom have got into circulation new coins of 50 pence with the date of Brexit. Until the end of the year will go another seven million coins.
Today is the last day of stay in the UK in the EU, already from tomorrow, she should officially become independent. In the European Union, the Kingdom has spent 47 years and one month.
How was the fate of great Britain in these years?
In the 50-ies of the last century, when the foundations of a United Europe, the population of the UK did not support the idea of European integration. In 1960, in contrast to the EEC initiated by the United Kingdom established the European free trade Association. In the 60 years accession to the EEC London let Paris. In 1973, the application of the United Kingdom officially adopted.
as part of the organizations the UK has sought to maintain political and economic independence. The country joined the Euro zone, refused the Schengen agreements and has not signed the fiscal Pact. However, the contribution of London to the EU budget was one of the largest – around 12 billion euros per year; more money was allocated only Paris and Berlin. At the same time, Brussels was spending on the needs of the UK halved. Experts believe London is the main mouthpiece of Washington’s policy in the European Union. The United Kingdom has won the 3rd place in EU in terms of population and eighth by area. And the British economy in terms of GDP was in second place.
the issue of a referendum on UK membership of the EU was raised in 2011 on the backdrop of the economic crisis. But while the overwhelming majority of the Parliament refused to prepare the voting. In January 2013 Prime Minister David Cameron promised to reconsider the issue if the party wins the election in 2015. In may, the government introduced a bill on referendum in the Parliament. In November David Cameron announced the beginning of campaign for change of conditions Britain’s membership in the EU.
London wanted to strengthen British sovereignty, improvement of competitiveness and the tightening of migration policy of the EU. In Brussels agreed to the new conditions. In response, David Cameron promised to support the preservation of his country in the European Union at the forthcoming referendum.
June 23, 2016 51.9% of the votes were cast for a British exit from the EU. As a result of disagreements within the British Parliament, and at the request of Brussels Brexit date was repeatedly postponed.
the Final version of the bill was passed by Parliament on 22 January 2020. The next day it was signed by Queen Elizabeth II.