the Epidemic has temporarily suspended collective visits children who are generally organized, or to get children to school in remote parts of the country, or to visit for sightseeing or cultural events. But when such trips will resume, you need to remember about the most important rules of organized transportation of young passengers. As any road – the place itself is extremely dangerous, few will disagree that in the case of the transport of small citizens better safe than sorry, and worse will not be exact.
In a private car, the driver is responsible for the safety of his child alone and takes everything necessary from his point of view of precaution. When it comes to transporting groups of children is not enough to rely only on the prudence and goodwill of the adults who take care of that. Though, because that trust is very often ends with the approach in the spirit: “but the hell with that!” Unfortunately, in the end, it leads to tragedies when because of sloppiness and irresponsibility of adults in accidents killed children.
For this reason in Russia over the past few years, starting with the decree of the government of the Russian Federation No. 1177 of 2013, is increasingly toughening of rules of transportation of minors in buses. This process every time you activate the resonance of an accident with participation of buses, rattling from time to time in the media in recent years. What we currently have in the field of child transportation safety?
first, the designation of a children’s bus on the road! Such a machine is required to have markings of “Transportation of children” on the front and back of the body, and to be equipped with yellow flashing light.
This is required to ensure that all members of the movement were seen near them are children, and therefore behave on the road, should take special care and attention to what is happening around.
Many of the sensational tragedies with buses carrying children, as shown by “debriefing” took place, among other reasons, because of the increased fatigue of the driver and too fast “Busa” – including on a slippery road.
Now such vehicles shall be equipped with a tachograph, which controls the machine speed and the resting time of the driver, as well as satellite “navigation” on the basis of GLONASS or GLONASS/GPS. And, most importantly, the children’s chairs in the bus must be equipped with seat belts.
the current now in our country the rules, the number of escorts on 1 bus, intended for transportation of minors granted their location, each intended for landing (disembarkation) of passengers door of the bus, i.e., almost any bus before��oznacenom to transport minors must be at least two seats for accompanying adults. They while I take full responsibility for the safety of children in the road. Accompanying it are required to constantly monitor the restless passengers. All the time while the bus is in route, “small” needs to sit patiently in their seats, being strapped to him with belts – no standing, walking around the cabin on the move and other things. At any moment there may be an emergency situation on the road and walking down the aisle this will be particularly vulnerable.
now the Most common seat belts in public transport – belt, as in the plane. However, much more reliable system four-point seatbelts. By construction, this belt is externally more reminiscent of suspenders, connected to the waist belt. And the whole system is securely attached to the seat frame. It is significant that many school buses seat that is equipped with four-point belts. And throughout the trip, the children are securely fastened them to the seat.
note that unlike the usual all motorists, three-point safety belts, children’s belt four-point requires a more precise “fit” under the figure sitting in the chair.
Therefore, before the trip chaperone to make sure that the lock buckle on the waist strap fastened, and no pressure the child. And the length of the shoulder straps is adjusted so as not to cause the baby discomfort, but at the same time securely locking his body flush to the back of the chair. Individually configure a seat belt can and the child, but only under the supervision of the accompanying adult.
with regard to school buses, they are compulsorily be equipped with systems allowing to accelerate up to 60 km/h and move when you open or close the passenger door. And, unlike cars, in a children’s transport must always be available not one but two kits, because children have children, you never know what can happen to you.
Another specific feature of the school bus – always provided places for portfolios where they can and can’t go. Student backpacks and bags, textbooks and notebooks – the Luggage is heavy and solid. If it is not fixed as it should under heavy braking maneuver, or he may fall and make mischief.
As traffic rules, rules of transportation of children, unfortunately, “written in blood”. Therefore, only their accurate implementation can prevent further tragedies on the road involving young passengers.