it has Long been said: there are small lies, some big, and there are statistics. This does not mean that statistics are lying openly, but she knows how to direct shadow on the fence.
let’s Start with unemployment. We have it low, you will say to any stand. And indeed it is. Now it does closer to historic post-Soviet low and is estimated at 4.5% of the economically active population. In the US and Europe, not to mention other parts of the world, it is higher. You can experience a sense of pride and deep satisfaction. But not for long. Because some anxiety remains — Oh, what’s what, and in anxious care about the downtrodden, our state is not exactly seen. Then what’s the catch?
give a Hint Raiffeisenbank experts. They drew attention to the combination of low unemployment and low wages and came to a simple conclusion: in such circumstances “to reduce the number of employees makes no sense”. Why go to social conflicts, to attract the negative attention of the public and authorities when there is a “saving wage”?
of Course, Raiffeisenbank did not discover America. Low unemployment — the flip side of low wages, you know they are not alone. IAC senior analyst “Alpari” Anna Bodrov, for example, also emphasizes that addressing the subject of the Russian unemployment “it is impossible not to take into account that in the Russian regions, a large proportion of workers are employed part-time or receive very small payments from the regional budgets.”
but what today’s market analysis! We come from the Soviet Union, and everything worked paid for with his low salary and the lack of unemployment. Here in Russia, nothing new has come up. Although it is not so. Today there are low salaries, which do not protect from outright poverty. There is even a social layer — working poor (not to be confused with the professional beggars). Another acute social problem.
But average wages are growing, what keeps report of Rostat? Right, grow. But it is the arithmetic mean of wages, which represent that the average temperature in the hospital, and have average salaries that really get the majority of the workforce. Is an indicator of the median wage is the wage level above and below which an equal number of people. This is the salary of the average Russian.
Why complicate things? And then, what is the average salary and median salary are two big differences. Thus, the results of the survey April 2019 it was found that the average salary in Russia was 48 030 rubles, and the median is 34 335 rubles. That is, feel the difference! The higher the gap between mean and median salary, the higher the level of social differentiation in society. It is estimated that Russia has 20% of the highest paid workers receive 48% of payroll. So if rostovska the average salary is higher than yours, do not rush to despair, more honest indicator — the median salary. In Moscow, for example, the average salary amounted to about 96 thousand rubles, while the median is 31.2% less: 66 thousand rubles.
by the Way, the appeal to the median wage dispels the myth of the totally yuppie Muscovites. The same survey showed that the level of the median (not average wage) Moscow is on… fifth place in Russia. More generous salaries paid in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous district, in Chukotka, in the Nenets Autonomous district and Magadan region.
From the statistics you can really learn a lot. Especially if you do not stay in official reports.