According to the Ministry of agriculture by mid-March 2020 in winter greenhouses assembled 198,4 thousand tons of vegetables – 33.6% higher than in 2019 (148,5 thousand tons). Most of all we gained in the production of greenhouse cucumbers – 42% (to 142 thousand tonnes). Tomatoes have grown on 17,7% more (52,5 thousand tons), of other green crops – almost 40% more (3.9 thousand tons).
198,4 thousand tons of vegetables have been collected by mid-March in winter greenhouses
Production of greenhouse vegetables in recent years is growing rapidly. Last year in winter greenhouses had grown to a record 1.14 million tons of vegetables is higher than the average for the last five years. According to the Department, the results of 2020, this record will be updated: the production of greenhouse vegetables can not be less than 1.25 million tons – plus of 6.1% to the result of 2019. And by 2025, Russia will be able to grow 1.6 million tonnes of cucumbers, tomatoes and greens in the forecast Department.
the Rosselkhoznadzor imposed a temporary ban on the export of cereals
Over the past five years, investment in greenhouse projects exceeded 200 billion rubles, laid more than 1.1 thousand hectares of greenhouses, calculates the Director of the National Union of producers of fruits and vegetables Mikhail Glushkov. Only the Moscow region expects to build by 2025 150-180 ha of greenhouses and become the leader in the production of greenhouse vegetables in the country, said earlier the Minister of agriculture and food of the region Andrey Razin. Develop this trend even trade networks. So, Magnit intends this year to build in Tikhoretsk district of the Krasnodar territory the first part of the greenhouse complex with a capacity of 23 thousand tons of vegetables a year. According to the Centre for industry expertise Rosselkhozbank, the producers of greenhouse vegetables have the highest profitability in agriculture. It amounts tot 52%. This contributes to high performance: 1 square meter you can get up to 80 kilos of vegetables.
the Growth in production of greenhouse vegetables will reduce the dependence on imports in this segment, in terms of the weak ruble is especially critical. According to the assessment of Mikhail Glushkov, now on their own in Russia, 90% closes the need for cucumbers. Last year, the country imported only 86 thousand tons, and in 2018 the volume of imports of cucumbers amounted to 123 thousand tons But the share of imported tomatoes while the large, though decreasing. Last year the import volume amounted to 552,7 thousand tons of tomatoes, and in 2018 – 578 thousand tons.
Price of Russian wheat exceeded the value of oil.
For the main vegetable commodities (the same as potatoes or carrots) Russian enterprises fully satisfy domestic demand, and significant price increases for such products is not expected, stressed the representative of the ACORT Ilya Vlasenko. To provide Borschev set the country to Russian farmers is not difficult, I agree Mikhail Glushkov. If necessary, we can increase production of vegetables.
the Problem may be elsewhere: for the production of greenhouse vegetables are used imported components, said Mikhail Glushkov. Thus, the Russian greenhouses are 100% dependent on imported seeds. “Questions of breeding and seed production the state should pay close attention,” – said the expert. Also for growing vegetables are being used branded mats (“substrate”). In addition, the import from abroad of means of protection of plants.The weakening of the ruble in the end, after some time can affect the final cost of even domestic greenhouse vegetables.