In 1861 Elena molokhovets published a collection of recipes from

it was a huge Success – and his contemporaries and descendants. In 1932 the master of the genre dystopia Yevgeny Zamyatin said: “In exile – two of the most popular author in the first place Elena molokhovets, the second Pushkin”. In the author’s life the book has 29 titles with a total circulation of nearly 300 thousand copies. By the early twentieth century the book had already 4,500 recipes.

the Book “a Gift to young Housewives””life hacks” of the nineteenth century

Helena explains in the Preface why “every woman does not stop to have a good cookbook, and then it will be not hard and not difficult to make the lunch menu as the dinner party, as well, and simple. I’m talking here, of course, only those hosts that have expensive cooks, and content cooks preparing their instructions…”.

Kitchen homeland: Ancient desserts for the holiday table

a Lot as it is now fashionable to say, “life hacking” the reader will find in this edition in addition to the recipes. How much food is needed to feed a family of six. How to make harvesting of berries, fruits and vegetables. Why not throw away the leftovers: a decoction of rice is useful to drink for people with weak stomach, and of watermelon rind can cook delicious candied fruit or jam.

And hours gives the not lost relevance today tip: have a young lady needs to be comfortable. To ensure that it is the duty of the husband. Helena urges readers: do not hesitate to remind his strong halves!

the Author of the cookbook “a Gift to young Housewives” by Elena Ivanovna molokhovets.Burman, Bunin, Bagration…

Helena Burman (hours) was born 28 APR 1831 in the family of the commander of the Vilna infantry regiment. After the death of the parents of the girl took care of grandma, vychodoceska her place in the most prestigious educational institution of Nicholas I – the Smolny Institute for noble maidens – and paid content. Fourteen year old girl was there with the daughters of noble families – Barbara Delvig, Elena Galitzine, the Vera Bunina, Zoe Bagration.

Kitchen homeland: Favorite eating places of Pushkin in Moscow

after Graduating from the Smolny Institute with excellent grades and was awarded with a gold bracelet, Elena has returned to Arkhangelsk. She married architect Franz Frantsevich of Hours. Lack of work, low chin and a growing family (the couple hours were born ten children) forced the couple to move to a more prosperous Kursk, where the architect promised profitable orders. The constant lack of money taught Helena to a model of economy.

She demonstrates it perfectly in the pages of his book.

One of the delicious spreads of the book “a Gift to young Housewives”.The myth of the perfect past

Every Soviet people at the mention of the names hours without hesitation he quoted: “If you have twenty guests, don’t worry – you will go down into the cellar and take one or two hams that hang there”.

In the book Helena of such a Council there. These anecdotes were born in endless queues for sausage and dreams for abundant Russia. Although described molokhovets bourgeois cuisine is far from frills a La Gargantua, hard history of the country of the Soviets did and the book and its author part of the myth of the beautiful pre-revolutionary past. In this case described by Helena Roerich complex kitchen wouldt – with a huge number of pots, cocotte, forms for pies, dessert forks, spoons for caviar, lapatnikov of stained glass – is an important sign of the era. A clever feature of hours gives Tatyana Tolstaya’s essay-review “Golden age” in English translation “a Gift to young Housewives” (1992)

“All Russian famous Lenin’s famous phrase: “Every cook should be able to run the state.” It is interesting that he, never in my life have not welded themselves hard-boiled eggs, could know about the cooks?.. Meanwhile, in Russia there was a woman whose ability to manage their small government, Lenin would envy”.

Who invented the recipe of cereal that saved the life of the Emperor?

“a Gift to young Housewives” was released in the year of the emancipation of the serfs. Russian youth an epidemic of sick nihilism. Most of the future “young ladies” wanted to shave off the braids, fictitiously to get married and to go to study in the universities of Zurich and Geneva, not to cook fine French pates beloved husband.

the phenomenon of the book of hours that, on the one hand, it was contrary to the spirit of the time, on the other – was a Testament to advancing women’s emancipation. After all, Elena molokhovets was one of the first in Russia successful women writers. Together with a fantastic success in the family comes prosperity. And Molokovozy moved from Kursk to Saint Petersburg, where rented an apartment in a prestigious building.

Alas, she was not accepted in the literary circles. But it became for future generations the Genesis on par with Gilyarovski. Without a “Gift to young Housewives” Russian life in the second half of the XIX century is impossible to understand.

And to table at Elena molokhovets, is not a sin to invite a guest today.

Alexander Kitaev. Golden wedding. For our Party! 1962 a year.LUNCH MENU “FROM ELENA MOLOKHOVETS”celery SaladSoup whiteBeef with a sauce of salty saffron milk capsvegetable Pudding with apples

celery Salad

Recipe: 4 celery root clean, wash, cover with cold water, cook until tender without salt for about an hour. When it becomes soft, drain in a colander, rinse with cold water to cool. Cut each root into 4 pieces and then each piece into slices, put in bowl, add very finely chopped onion, 1/2 tbsp olive oil, 1 tablespoon vinegar, pepper, salt, stir, serve with roast. In France, this salad put a crust of black bread, grated garlic.

Soup white

Ingredients: 0,5-1,2 kg beef 100-200 g veal shanks, baked 1 onion, a bunch of greens, 1/2 tbsp oil, 1 carrot, 1/2 celery, 1/2 parsley, 1/2 – 1/4 cups flour, 1/2 Cup cream, 2 egg yolks, 400 g white cabbage, 2-5 peppercorns, salt.

Recipe: white Cook ordinary beef broth, 1-2 roasted onions and greens of the beam, strain. Dissolve 1/2 tbsp oil, lightly fry it finely chopped 1 carrot, 1/2 celery, 1/2 parsley, adding 1/4 Cup of broth fat, pour the strained broth. 1/2 Cup of toasted flour mixed with 1/2 Cup cold water, pour in the boiling broth, boil, drain. Beat in a bowl 2 egg yolks with 1/2 Cup cream, pour, without ceasing to stir, 2 cups of the warm broth to heat, stirring, until hot. Just before serving drop in a soup bowl white cabbage, cut into pieces, blindirovannye and separately boiled in broth. Pour in the egg yolks well cooked and strained stock and bring to the table.

Beef with a sauce of salty Ryzhikov

Ingredients: beef is 1.2-1.6 kg, butter – 50 g, onions – 3 PCs., 2 tbsp flour, salt, sour cream – 1 stack., yolks – 3-6 PCs, mushrooms – 1 Cup., cheese – 100 g.

Recipe: to Get 1.2-1.6 kg good beef, drop it into salted boiling water, cook until half that was in the juice. Cut it into thin slices, each piece pour Parmesan cheese or any other. Then prepare the following sauce. Take 50 g of butter, fry it with finely chopped 3 onions and 2 tablespoons of flour thoroughly until very soft, add 1.5 cups of strained broth, 1 Cup sour cream; all a good stir, cook a little more. Marinated mushrooms shred, pour in the sauce; then drive 3-6 egg yolks, place over low fire, heat, but not boil, pour over the beef, put it in the oven to well stewed until ready.

vegetable Pudding with apples

Ingredients: almonds – 1/2 Cup. 5-10 PCs of sweet and bitter, white bread – 1 piece olive oil – 1 tbsp, sugar – 1/2 Cup., jam – 1/2 Cup., apples – 6 pieces, a syrup 1/2 stack., Madera – 1/2 Cup., potato starch – 1 tsp sugar if the syrup is sweet enough.

Recipe: 1/2 Cup sweet almond to cleanse, pound, not too finely, dissolve 1-1/2 Cup of boiled water, add a little sugar. 200 g bread cut into thin slices, soak in milk, lay on a dish. Form of grease with vegetable oil, sprinkle with sugar, put a layer of bread, layer sliced apples, sprinkle them with sugar, cover with jam or fruit puree, another layer of bread, and so on until the end. Cook in a water bath. Then pour this sauce: 1/2 Cup syrup, 1/2 Cup of Madeira or port wine, 1 Cup water, sugar, if not sweet, to put on plate. To boil, put a teaspoon of potato starch, mix with water, bring to boil, leave on stove for 2-3 minutes, stirring vigorously.