The German Institute for human rights (DIMR)has migrants in its third annual report, the exploitation of labour migrants and work in Germany criticized. This would be paid not only often poor, but their employers were delivered, in many cases, unprotected.
Interviews with people from EU countries and third countries such as Pakistan, Syria, Argentina, Ecuador, or Peru would be made according to the Institute shows that many of the workers, and workers in Germany “will receive far less than minimum wage”, currently 8,84 Euro, or you the wage even “completely deprived”. Moreover, the employer was often no social contributions.
The workers did unpaid Overtime would be housed in inhuman accommodation and are often confronted with threats and violence, the report says. And further: “Severe labour exploitation is currently a risk-free business. These people have, in fact, there is hardly a possibility of their wage claims in court.”
cases of severe labour exploitation are hearing from many industries, for example, from the meat-processing industry, transportation, or home care, the report says. Lack of language and knowledge of the law, depending on the employer, lack of evidence, as well as a difficult access to Advisory services led to a structural inferiority of the persons Concerned to their employers.
frequently work contracts or pay slips were missing, so it is for the migrant workers is difficult to document the exploitation and back pay. In order to reduce the power gap between the migrants and their employers, would be introduced in other countries, a right of collective action of trade unions or the authorities, the powers granted to individual wage claims for workers to sue for.
33 Concerned, the respondents to the Institute, managed only twelve, a procedure before the labour court. Eight of them were successful. Who has not found new employment, waived, therefore, often a complaint, because he can’t Finance his life while the procedure otherwise. The duration of the procedure for a judgment procedure in employment tribunals in the year 2017 an average of 3.1 months. The Institute describes the case of a Romanian engineer who received his wages only irregularly and then not at all. When he filed a lawsuit that he was fired via SMS.
No data on coercion in psychiatric wards
“The quality of human rights protection in a state is measured by whether the rights of the Weakest in law and in practice, are respected and protected,” said the Director of the Institute, Beate Rudolf. The Institute, therefore, during the period of investigation from 1. July 2017 to 30. June 2018 once again, certain groups in Germany, this time of migrants, among other things, the work.
The report has a further focus is on the use of force against patients in German mental hospitals. To Federal absence, according to the wide reliable data. For example, it is not clear yet why the rate of people accommodated in a psychiatric hospital, in Schleswig-Holstein is particularly high in Saxony is very low.
The German Institute for human rights denounced in addition, arms exports to countries that systematically violated human rights. Director Rudolf said in Berlin: “We have found that the people exports rights situation in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, as well as the compliance with international humanitarian law by both countries approval by Armor appears to be no role played.” This should be taken into account both the Situation in the country itself, as well as the participation of these States in the war in Yemen. The Federal government should have to justify their human rights assessments in licensing procedures for the supply of armaments, in the future, compared to the Bundestag.
The German Institute for human rights the National human rights institution of Germany. It is funded by the German Bundestag. Since December of 2016, the German Institute for human rights shall submit to the Bundestag annual report on the development of the human rights situation in Germany. The Bundestag in turn, is obliged by law to comment on the report.
accommodation In the past year, the Institute, in particular, the situation of Refugees in Germany, devoted himself and complained about their placement in the Collection.