ancient Africa. The Acacus in Zimbabwe. 20 000 before our era-the Seventeenth century, under the direction of François-Xavier Fauvelle, Belin, ” ancient Worlds “, 680 p., 49 €.
Write the history of Africa is, even today, to deconstruct clichés. The main, still alive, is that the continent is devoid of written evidence sufficient to support a scientific work – and even of writing. Vision crystallized in the Dakar speech in 2007, president Nicolas Sarkozy, according to which “the african man n'[was] not fairly entered into history “, which respond symmetrically, instrumentalisations for identity, often in order to consolidate theories ” afrocentristes “.
But, while historians have long focused on the european presence, whatsoever, in the past, to serve the cause of colonial, or to take a critical look, sometimes full of third-mondisme, the history of strict african societies is gradually become a separate discipline in Europe, the United States, Brazil, and Africa. With its masters, such as François-Xavier Fauvelle, who recalls in the prologue of ancient Africa, a book of masterful and unique, the fruit of three years of joint work with the twenty researchers that it has gathered, that ” to be surprised by the history of Africa, it is accept to be newly enlightened about the world “.
Remains of cities millennia buried
The French historian, director of research at the CNRS, is also an archaeologist. Because history is not sufficient for the excavation of material sources rare and remains of cities millennia buried. As the ethiopian city of Ifat, the capital of the sultanate, which bears his name, the main training islamic policy of Ethiopia in the Fifteenth century, he discovered with the specialist in Ethiopia medieval…