Food waste is a valuable resource for the production of animal feed and fertilizers, thus reducing the cost of new products. “But not always, these resources can be used effectively, their losses reach huge proportions”, – stated in the explanatory Memorandum to the bill (there is a “RG”).

the Annual amount of food waste companies, members of the Association of retail companies (ACORT) is more than 700 thousand tons per year. A similar amount of waste during processing could have a year to supply electricity to 400 thousand citizens.

But trade unprofitable to send to the recycling delay examination require Finance and time. Therefore, most such products goes to landfills where it decomposes and “causes serious harm to the environment, increasing emissions of methane gas into the atmosphere, increasing the risk of fires.”

Farmers, zoos, and animal shelters are interested in receiving expired products. And companies involved in recycling, are willing to spend for the examination and processing of that food into animal feed. However, current legislation do not allow.

But food waste is only a part of the food losses occurring throughout the supply chain from field to fridge. According to the plans of the UN, by 2030, the world community will have to cut them in half.

“the effective management of food losses and organic waste is an integral part of food security of the country”, – stated in the research Center of development of the consumer market of the Moscow school of management SKOLKOVO.

every year the world loses or squanders one-third of all food – 1.3 billion tons per year or 7.5 trillion dollars. At the same time Russia, according to Rosstat, food losses amount to 0.6%, according to experts – more than 40%.

causes of losses are many: the human factor (low-skilled employees, poor working conditions), economic benefits (to the enterprise is more profitable to use the most valuable elements of raw materials in production) and others.

the Problem of food losses propose to solve at the expense of those that are formed in the retail – unrealized and non-conforming goods, says the head of the Center for economic forecasting of Gazprombank Darya Snitko. Meanwhile, according to her, the structure of losses is not the last place takes unsold food from catering, discarded expired food, as well as losses in the fields. According to the FAO, 25% of food losses in Europe or North America account for retail. End consumption in households and hospitality industry – half.

According to the Director of the Institute of agrarian studies Eugenia Serova, in the advanced pageAnahita the main part of the losses in the stage of consumption. Because food spent a small portion of the income to throw away half a loaf of bread or sour milk bottle is not terrible. “The world has developed a scheme to combat losses in the form of a reverse pyramid, deployed a broad base up. First food loss should be used for food. If they didn’t get to use to that need to process them into feed and compost. If this does not happen, then processed into alcohol. And very small portion can be buried,” – said Eugenia Serova.

loss control not always beneficial to the business, recognizes Serov. Simply leave a third of the grain in the field, than to invest in the improvement of storage and transportation. On the other hand, the earth’s resources is limited so care should be taken to preserve them and increase their efficiency. We should not forget about the harm food waste environment with huge emissions of greenhouse gases they emit 2.4 million tonnes of methane a year.

In the majority of countries have developed strategies to combat selhozperepisi, but we have no such programme. But Russia is finally beginning to address the problem of food losses. On may 22 the state Duma in the final reading adopted the law, through which companies donate to charity up to 1% of revenue without taxes. According to Serova, the tax legislation needs to be further relief for those trading companies, who would like to pass on to needy people products, which soon expires. In addition to exemption from income tax, it is necessary to extend this measure in the VAT. With this proposal in the Council of Federation of the charity Fund of food “Rus”. Last year the Fund gave to charity, 5.7 thousand tons of food. According to estimates of the Fund if to prevent the disposal of 1.2 million tons of food a year, can each month free to give out 5 kg of food (we are talking about quality of food with current expiration dates) 18.6 million poor people.