first The good news: The social assistance rate in the cities is stable or even declined. Especially in the younger age groups, the rate declined significantly, an analysis of the cities initiative social policy for 14 major cities.

The bad news: increased In elderly persons, the social assistance risk in the last ten years. And “older” means in this case, already from the age of 46! The group of 46 – to 55-Year-old reported to 2018, with 5.7 percent of new highest rate. Ten years ago, it was still below 5 percent.

But also in the 56 – to 64-Year-olds, the risk is massively increased. Ten years ago, the Oldest recorded 3.3 percent, the lowest social assistance rate. Since then, this has skyrocketed to 4.8 per cent.

bridging pension as an important step

“In these age groups, different problem add were: lack of or improper vocational education and training, difficult access to the labour market, health problems,” explains the Winterthur social head Nicolas Galladé (44).

There were also influences of the upstream systems, the President of the cities initiative social policy. The social security, unemployment insurance and disability insurance have deteriorated in the same period. “All together, this means that the social welfare in this age group often has to take a longer-term livelihood security.”

He locates because the need for action in the case of the elderly Loud. The more important is the Federal Council’s proposed bridging pension for controlled persons aged 60 years is for the urban social Directors as well. With this, the Federal Council wants to prevent in the social assistance falls, who loses, with 58 years of his job.

“Although such Bridging benefit is not likely to relieve the burden on the social assistance substantially closes a gap in the System,” said Galladé. “A small but important step in the right direction.”

education scissors is not going to

But only the age is a social risk, but also a lack of professional qualification. “For people without a vocational qualification, it is increasingly difficult to achieve a secure income,” said Galladé. Long-term unemployment have increased in this group in the last 20 years.

especially people from the age of about 50 years are affected. Because demand well-educated, flexible and resilient work force, and simple, routine activities would disappear with the digitization of more and more. At the same time, the average level of education of the Swiss population significantly, so Galladé increases.

His conclusion: “Education is a widening gap: The economy increasingly demands highly skilled people. But for low-skilled people, the existence of which way to fall-locking jobs.” This is only going to the welfare office often remains.

40 million francs for education

Of the adult recipients of social assistance in the 14 cities studied, more than half have no vocational training. For Galladé is clear: “we need better training opportunities, so there are less Losers and losers of structural change.” And need someone to Finance this education.

The cities initiative refers to a in Parliament pending Motion, which is required by the Federal government a contribution of 40 million francs for the training of social assistance recipients.