the concept car part of the Code of administrative offences now being developed by the working group at the Russian popular front. In developing the participation of deputies, experts of the automotive industry, defenders of the rights of motorists and journalists. The Ministry of justice will consider an alternative view of Cao when it will be issued in the form of the document.
According to insurers, drivers who allow no more than five violations per year, less likely to get into accidents than those who did not break the rules
According to experts, the main goal that must be pursued by Cao is the reduction of accidents. Any. Not only with the victims. Moreover, it is directly consistent with the “Safe and high quality roads”.
Experts suggest literally to get personal. Tough we must not punish all drivers in a row, and only the worst offenders. For this purpose it is proposed to divide drivers into groups depending on the degree of risk on the road.
the risk is proposed to be installed depending on the number of violations. And for this to use the statistics of insurers and the traffic police. So, according to statistics of insurance companies, it turns out that one accident accounted for 43.6 violations per year. That is the driver that violated the rules 44 times over the year, with high probability, will crash.
Cars with unreadable identification number mark again
According to traffic police, one accident with serious injury or death of a member accounted for 873 violations per year.
thus, according to insurers, drivers who allow no more than five violations per year, less likely to get into accidents than those who do not violate traffic Rules. This is due to the fact that these people regularly go driving, but not break the rules of numbers we have is simply impossible. Therefore the concept proposed the following gradation of drivers.
the group with zero risk it is proposed to bring those drivers that have a small number of violations. From zero to five. Likely to get into accidents through their own fault they are very few.
To drivers from high risk groups are encouraged to include those who have from 6 to 30 violations per year. They rarely get into accidents that, even if there were, as a rule, the lightest of the category.
Medium risk group – from 31 to 100 violations is characterized by a moderately aggressive driving style, which leads either to multiple minor violations or repeated violations. The accident, which are such drivers, are characterized by a large damage and damage to life and health.
the Drivers of high risk groups – from 101 violations of a year, prone to dangerous behavior on the roads for repeated violations and a significant increase of the probability of occurrence of severe accidents. This group needs special and constant attention from the regulatory authorities and the traffic police.
Violators with a huge number of penalties we have about 10 thousand of the nearly 60 million drivers
it is Noteworthy that the latter group gets not so many drivers. If to judge according to traffic police, the violators with a huge amount of fines has nearly 10 thousand. And that nearly 60 million drivers. But precisely because of such violators more stringent measures are taken to all drivers without exception. Make it loud crashes, and then it is proposed to increase the penalties for drivers for speeding.
Therefore a sensible idea to split the drivers in the number of violations there.
in Addition, it is proposed to introduce a gradation in the violations. Errors for which a driver has violated the rules can be. They can be caused by including illiterate organasatsia of the road. But not every violation of the rules leads to accidents. It’s one thing to travel into the oncoming lane, and another – violation of rules of stopping or Parking.
it is Therefore proposed to introduce a gradation of violations. For light to medium violation the driver from the zero of the group escaped with only a warning. And dangerous group – the maximum penalty.
the court acquitted the driver punished for the invisible in the snow, the markup
the Current system of punishing drivers has a significant flaw. When determining the penalty for a violation recorded by an automatic complex of photo and video recordings, an order is made against the owner of the car, not the driver. The working group has provided that. The degree of risk can be applied to the car. In this situation, the owner may “clean” the machine from the accumulated fines, putting who at the time of a violation was driving.
Recall that a risk based approach was originally founded in the current Cao. That is, any violation was punished depending on the severity of the consequences, which could result in a violation of the rules. However, due to the numerous and regularly contribute to it amendments, more like patching a rotten pants, this approach was lost. As a result, the red light, which, as a rule, is an accident, we have a fine of 1,000 rubles. As for the Parking under the sign “no stopping” to the driver throughout Russia will be punished by a fine of 1,500 rubles, and in Moscow and Saint-Petersburg – 3000 rubles.
it is Noteworthy that in the project, which the Ministry of justice issued a public discussion, a return to basics, that is, establishing the severity of the punishment depending on his risk, was not provided. Perhaps the new proposals will be included in the final variante and make the Cao a fair and presleduya main goal: reducing the number of accidents on the roads, especially with victims.