Tribune. In Germany, this weekend, all eyes were focused on the Bavaria, one of the largest and richest regions of the country, where 9.5 million of Bavarian, with a population of thirteen million inhabitants, were called to vote to renew the parliament.
With the presence now of six parties in parliament and the important weakening of the conservatives and social-democrats, who form the “great coalition” at the federal level, these elections mark the end of a model in Germany. If the break is not as profound as the one experienced by France in 2017, but it is not less important. The force of cohesion of the major parties has decreased in germany in recent years, but more slowly than elsewhere in Europe. This development has accelerated recently with the rise of the extreme right.
At the Länder level, a party could still form only a majority to the government. This was the case in Bavaria where the christian social Union (CSU) has ruled with the absolute parliamentary majority, since the beginning of the 1960s, with the exception of a period between 2008 and 2013, before returning to the absolute majority in 2013. This hegemony in one of the Länder the most important of Germany was the basis of a position of strength in the CSU at the federal level as a “party” sister of the christian democratic Union (CDU) Angela Merkel, the conservative party present in all the other German regions. This Sunday, the CSU lost the absolute majority, obtaining only 37.2% of the vote against 47.7 percent in 2013.
Worried of their poor result in the federal elections of September 2017, and especially marked by the breakthrough of the Alternative for Germany (Afd), the party of the extreme right become the third force with the four-twenty-twelve members of the federal Parliament, the conservative bavarian have blocked the work of the government at the federal level in order to win the elections in Bavaria….