two years ago, the digital Pact for the schools is planned. He is also longed for by all. Already in the coalition agreement in the spring were therefore established at the vertices. A fundamental change in the law was at the time. You see, the cooperation ban between the Federal government and the länder to weaken in school issues. The Federal government can provide in the future, not only financially weak municipalities, but all the countries money for the schools. The CDU-Minister President to have him co-negotiated. Even the date for the digital Pact, the 1.1.2019, stands for a long time.
And now the uprising: Not just a few Union-governed countries, and Baden-Württemberg have announced, as expected, in the Federal Council against an amendment to the basic law and to vote against the Start of the Digitalpakts. They do it with great indignation, and it is also the SPD-governed countries. What’s the point?
quality and efficiency
the formulations? In fact, the Federal government is allowed to interfere in future in the education policy of the country. He is able to Finance projects, the “total state” is important. So it should be according to the agreement of the Bundestag by the basic law. It is also not in the draft that the Federal government may only invest in chairs, toilets, and Laptops. It will be called, except for infrastructure, the words “quality and efficiency” and the signal interference in the content of education policy. The state could have a say in the future, use the money where the priorities in education policy.
In education has proven to federalism in principle. Education should be planned in the vicinity of the schools, by the politicians know what the needs of the people in different regions have really. What is a focal point of school in Bremen good, does not help even a school that works on the Land in Saxony-Anhalt. In the best case, countries inspire each other with new ideas.
However, there are also priorities across countries are important and which are not or only insufficiently able to afford many of the countries. Schools in the whole of Germany in an international comparison is still unfair, it is urgent that children from poor or uneducated families get more chances to a good degree.
advance But first of all, specifically, it’s all about the digitalization. Also a field by Germany look bad. The Federal government plans to spend five billion Euro for the equipment of the schools. This does not just Wi-Fi and a Computer to acquire, but also to ensure that meaningful digital learning concepts are available for all and the teacher can deal with it.
no one plans to federalism
plans, however, no one, federalism, abolish, from the sound of it in the loud claims of opponents of the law change. The educational sovereignty of the country is not lifted. To establish if, in the future, the Federal government wanted to determine a unified school system – for example, a community school for all or Vice versa with the single return to the Hauptschule, a Realschule and a Gymnasium – would deny many countries. The Covenant would remain on his money sit. Not even a Central school-leaving examination in all subjects may enforce the Covenant. Common education standards can continue to be is arduous under the Ministers of Education and Minister of the interior.
This also means that there will be in the foreseeable future, no comparable education system, many parents of amending the basic law, your choice. You will not be able to long drag from one state to the other, without that the children need to get used to it completely. But: The Federal government may exercise in the future, at least in certain projects, on the principle of consensus, pressure. If the countries do not retrieve the money offered, you will not have to justify why you do it.
but There is a second, perhaps more decisive reason for the resistance from the countries. It is about the money. After all, what the countries were surprised, is that as of 2020 should be set that the Federal government projects provides 50 percent of the money available, and the countries of the other 50 percent. However, this would overwhelm many countries, they could not afford to be in doubt of their self-imposed priorities. At the time 90 per cent, and the countries paid for, for example, the digital Pact of the Federal government only the remaining ten.
Therefore, the countries insurgency is not primarily to create as much pressure as possible in a conciliation Committee in order to negotiate. The countries were taken by surprise shortly before the Start with exaggerated expectations. Unfortunately, this can also mean that the schools get as planned in January, money for digitisation.