Not all farmers could obtain loans for planting. And the seeds, machinery, fertilizers rose in price.

“the local branch of the agricultural Bank was a certain limit, and the money allocated here, – said the President of the Association of peasant (farmer) farms, agricultural cooperatives across the Samara region Vitaly Kozhevatkin. Now, we understand that everything is decided in Moscow. The question is. In addition, the regime of isolation is not added to the farmers of mobility, and it is necessary to collect a package of documents for the loan. But not all have communication, because not everywhere has an Internet”.

There is another problem related to money. “Many beginning farmers relied on grants from the regional budget, – continues the head of the Association. – Prepared business plans, but were not all. Funding cut”.

In the Novosibirsk region with the loans okay – happy. Applications are considered two or three days. And the money is quickly credited to your account. You can also! However, there has not been without difficulties.

the Problem was per-hectare support, said Chairman of the Association of farms of the region Alexey Salnikov.

“last year we were left without it due to the new rules, which the seeds need to be regionalized, local varieties, he explained. Farmers they are not possessed, but was bought for breeding. Now, when we multiplied, it was found that “porechanka” became advance. We promise that payment will be later, in fact, weed seeds zoned areas. But in planting season the money will not take part”.

Another story – a hothouse of “Volga” in Saratov region. It is engaged in the production of greenhouse vegetables and breeding in Apple orchards of intensive type.

“Vegetables are not goods of first necessity, – said the General Director Roman Kowalski. And when people began to save, the demand for them fell, sale fell. Although the prices we had not increased”. But these greenhouses can’t count on the support measures for small and medium businesses. The entrepreneur believes that the greenhouse industry also need to distribute state aid.

Appeared in this year from farmers and new challenges, unprecedented.

the Small town of Yershov, where at least 20 thousand inhabitants, was in second place after the regional center of Saratov – the number infected with the coronavirus residents in the region. At the end of April, it entered quarantine, first in the town, and then throughout the district.

As the head of the local branch of the farmers ‘ Association Nikolai Kuzmin, due to the fact that the city was closed, farmers from neighboring villages could not buy spare parts for agricultural machinery. Work eventually established, but not immediately.

a Similar problem was in Omsk��th region. The farmers called the shortages of spare parts – one of the most serious problems of the spring harvest. “Three weeks we could not buy no bolts, no clamps or seals,” says the President of the Union of peasant farms of the Omsk region Ivan Brigert. It was not easy and the Voronezh region. Auto shops closed, vendors did not immediately understand how to organize remote work.

the Voronezh Vice-Governor Viktor Logvinov said that due to the closure of the borders had problems with the purchase of seeds of sugar beet, sunflower and corn. This was confirmed by the company “EkoNiva-APK” whose farms are located in the Voronezh, Kursk, Kaluga, Ryazan and Moscow regions. Some items from suppliers generally did not have. Prices increased by 15-20 percent. “Went up all – spare parts, chemicals, equipment, – said the farmer and Omsk Yuri Shcherbak. – We explain that this is not due to the pandemic, and with the growth of the dollar. But the domestic equipment also rose in price for 15-20 percent. And, for example, a tractor “Belarus” has risen to 300 thousand rubles”.

In the Novosibirsk region has aggravated another problem with ferrying of equipment from field to field and with a pass for her. The main working machines are produced with high dimensions, are added to this and the impressive sizes of implements.

“To move equipment from one field to another, we need applications to stage and support a very complex procedural moment,” – stressed the Chairman of the Association of farms of the Novosibirsk region Alexey Salnikov.

Sowing in the Sverdlovsk region has already crossed the equator. Work in the fields ahead of schedule. Although farmers admit that the jitters, which was before the beginning of the season still remains. Them a critical shortage of machine operators.

the workforce issue in the village is known not the first year, but there is still a shortage of manpower overlap migrants. During the peak seasons for sowing and harvesting – most of the farms hired migrant workers. For evaluation of personnel holes, the experts propose to proceed on the basis that the village not an agricultural region running at about 7 per cent of labour migrants. In the Sverdlovsk region made a living about 37 thousand foreign citizens. Altai has its own arithmetic. “Many farms instead of 2-3 agronomists, veterinarians, engineers working for one” – said the farmer Alexander Balakov.

Now every farm is looking for a way to fill this hole. But the main reserve to see the students. So, in the Ural state agrarian University received a letter from the government of region with the request to create a mobile student groups.

Seasonal vegetable in terms of shortage of staff was in a more difficult situation than the rest of the crop. Aware of this problem��me and the Chairman of the Committee of the Volgograd regional Duma on agrarian policy and land relations Vladimir Yefimov. “Certainly, – he agrees, – affected by closures due to pandemic, and restructuring the mode of operation of enterprises. Responsible citizens are thinking of how to solve the problem of personnel. However, here the main levers still in the hands of Federal officials.”

In the vegetable plantations of the work has already begun. And in many cases successfully. For example, according to comcelhos Volgograd region, vegetable area remained at the level of 2019. But ahead care and harvesting. And staff shortages can not be avoided.

As told by farmers in the Sverdlovsk region, for carrying out of spring field works enterprise producing vegetables and potatoes required six operators. And to harvest at least 150 people. Loading-unloading, cleaning, sorting…