Russian cosmonaut Oleg Kononenko, the first constructed human cartilage in microgravity of space aboard the International space station.
The bio-printers that can produce human tissue, already exist on Earth, but they work in earth’s gravity. The innovation lies in the fact that in space as a replacement of gravity used magnetism, which managed to resist microgravity and uskorenie and keep ready to build objects – for example, the cells of cartilage.
Before the experiments aboard the ISS, scientists have developed mathematical models and conducted computer simulations to study the prospects of this process and how microgravity may affect the way to build cells. The team then developed a spheroid-based cells of human cartilage that had been Packed and shipped to the ISS together with custom magnetic bioassemblies.
“People have conducted biological experiments, and cultured the cells in space, but the ability to assemble these building blocks into more complex structures using the surgical bio-modelling tool appeared for the first time,” said radiologist udana demiri demirchi from Stanford University.
In the future the method of magnetic Assembly can be used in space, consisting of both biological and inorganic materials.