In a number of regions counted more enterprises than it was before the quarantine.
Power of several regions of Russia said “Kommersant” that during the pandemic the number of enterprises of small and average business in their territory grew. Speech, in particular, such regions, such as Magadan, Omsk, Sakhalin, Sverdlovsk oblast and Jewish Autonomous oblast. In the regional government declare that growth has been achieved through incentives and coordinated work of officials and business. Experts say that to receive benefits is difficult, registration of new companies can be explained by the optimization of costs available, but in General, the epidemic might not make it through more than half of all Russian enterprises of small and medium business.
the Federal government announced the beginning of the “holidays” at the end of March, when confirmed cases coronavirus infection in the country was a little more than 1 thousand people, and abolished this mode may 12, at 232 thousand patients. Regional authorities from the beginning of April in order to limit the spread of infection first introduced, and then was eased restrictions for companies. In most regions, several weeks were entered to the actual quarantine and prescribed to citizens of self-isolation has significantly reduced the demand even for those businesses that continued to operate.
“Kommersant” has asked regional officials, as a result of the companies ceased to exist during this period and did not return to work after removing all bans.
So, the Deputy Minister of economy of Omsk region Anna Negodoica told “Kommersant” that, according to FNS on may 10, the region recorded 66 623 subjects of small and average business: in comparison with January 10 saw an increase of 1113 enterprises. This result was achieved thanks to the coordinated work of officials and businessmen, said Mrs. Negodoica: “Small and medium sized businesses are very mobile, the company reconfigured the production under the market demands changed approaches to management and work with consumers, in particular, switched to remote mode”. Deputy Minister of economic development, investment policy and innovations of Magadan oblast Tatiana Matsyuk told “Kommersant” that on March 10, in the region were listed 6859 subjects of small and average business, and may 10 — already 6995: “the Policy of the government of the region and a list of proposed measures allow with a high probability to predict a stable situation in the small business segment of the region and minimal risk by the closure and liquidation of SMEs on the background of the restrictive measures.” Chairman of the Magadan branch “Support of Russia” RAID Salimov said “Kommersant” that the small and medium-sized businesses in his region have suffered slightly due to the development of industries tos continue, for example farming.
the government of the Jewish Autonomous region believe that after the crisis, most businesses get back to work as usual. FTS data in the region indicate that the number of subjects of small and average business in the current period in the Jewish Autonomous region remained virtually unchanged (4022 units in March, in April, 4010, 4021 in may). A growing number of companies and on Sakhalin: in early January, there were 23 706 of subjects of small and average business, and on may 10 there were 24 249. In the Sverdlovsk region small and medium business in January was 201 981, and in may was 205 273 in may. Note, until may 12 in all the above regions, restrictions on the operation of enterprises have not acted.
In April, she interviewed representatives of 509 small and medium enterprises of the Sverdlovsk region, and 26% of them surveyed announced the closure and the inability to recover even after the lifting of restrictions.
In turn, Deputy head of UFNS of Russia in Sverdlovsk region Lydia Isaeva has explained to “Kommersant” that the growing number of companies, for example, in its region is associated just with the features counting: part of the business, embarked on the record in February, the tax had only be included in the may statistics.
Member of “OPORA Russia” in the Omsk region Tatyana Trifonova told “Kommersant” that the number of entrepreneurs in different regions may grow due that part of the company puts its employees on the outsourcing as a new IP, LLC and self employed:
“Thus optimize the tax burden on the company.”
In this case, Ms. Trifonova believes that the business in the region “did not have time to accumulate fat, and the real statistics on the closure of the companies we will see later.” “According to our forecasts, before the end of the year, at least 15% of outlets working in the early years, will cease to exist. The turnover of small and medium business will recover over the next year,” believes the member of the coordination Council of “Business Russia”, Director General of it company “Motor” Andrey.
In most regions, officials listed the “y” is entered in connection with the lockdown of incentives and support measures for business. However, interlocutors “” in the business community claim that the benefits were not applicable, and those that you can use, there is little change the situation. Mr. Romanenko also noted that many companies for formal reasons, are unable to support:
. While pre-crisis purchasing power of Russians will recover soon, suggests the expert.
According to the April poll, “Support of Russia” “Index RSBI”, 15.5% of SMEs adopted or consider the decision on full or temporary closure of business. In case of further deterioration of the situation this decision can take another 36.5% of the companies. “28% of the enterprises of small and medium businesses have a margin of safety for one to three months in conditions of isolation. 20% will survive in the mode of limitations from three to six months,” — noted in the organization.
Vladimir Heifetz, Kira Duryagina; Mariya Ignatova, Tatiana Tagaeva, Russia; Oksana Pavlova, Novosibirsk; Sergei Vasiliev, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk; Ernest Filippovsky, Khabarovsk; corsets “b”.