A CNC router, which is more commonly known as a Computer Numerical Controlled router, is going to be a machine that is essentially controlled by a computer in order to make composite material that includes aluminum, steel, wood, foam and even plastic. When it comes to CNC routers, it is going to be extremely important to select one that will be able to handle all of the requirements that you are going to be putting on it on a regular basis,
With that being said, the two biggest things that you will need to consider are going to be how many different axes your router is going to be needing, as well as the type of motor that you will be using. When it comes to CNC routers, there are normally going to be four different levels that you can potentially use, all of them depending upon the number of axes that you are going to be using.
Here is everything that you need to know about an industrial CNC machine.
2 Axis: When 2 axis are going to be used, it is going to be these low-end routers that will be used. For this kind of work, it is going to be mainly hobbyist who are doing this for some basic household items. These routers are not going to be using a true Z axis, meaning that they are not going to be a good fit for any type of industrial applications.
3 Axis: The basic 3 axis CNC router is going to be the one that is used most commonly. This axis is going to utilize a four-foot Y axis, an X axis that is eight feet long, and a Z axis that is six inches long.
4 Axis: When you are able to introduce a fourth axis to your router, it will be able to create a rotation that will go around the vertical axis. In fact, the four axis CNC router is actually going to be the one that is chosen for working on any type of CNC lathe, which is ideal for any type of mill work or even for advanced carvings that may need to be made.
5 Axis: These are going to be the CNC routers that will be able to rotate on not just one axes, but two different axes and are able to cut different three-dimensional shapes and objects without having to be repositioned at all. In fact, a 5 axis CNC router is actually capable of machining five different sides of a regular cube at a single time.
If you are in the market for a CNC router, you are more than likely going to want to go with either a 3 or a 4 axis machine, unless you are simply doing it as a hobby, which you will then more than likely be just as happy with a 2 axis CNC router machine. When it comes to 5 axis CNC routers, they are more often than not going to be reserved for the industries that require them, which are going to be the aerospace field, the automobile industry, and boating.