Low discipline of officials and problems of public administration system has led to the fact that unspent Federal spending by the end of 2019 reached 1,122 trillion rubles, told journalists the Chairman of the accounts chamber Alexey Kudrin
the Press service of the President of Russia
Low discipline of officials and problems of public administration system has led to the fact that unspent Federal spending by the end of 2019 reached 1,122 trillion rubles, told journalists the Chairman of the accounts chamber Alexey Kudrin. According to him, which leads to RBC, a reasonable amount of unspent funds to transfer the following year should not exceed 200-300 billion roubles.
According to the report on the budget of last year, which was presented by the chamber for the 2019 budget expenditures were executed at a record low for the last 11 years. Kudrin stated “low discipline of the Federal budget execution” and urged very seriously, and deeply understand the reasons for this. At the same time, the head of audit chamber does not consider it necessary to legally limit the possible amount of unspent budget funds, because “all ministries and agencies have very different cost structure”.
One of the reasons for low level uselania budget, according to Kudrin, the problems in financing of national projects starting in 2019: late preparation and approval, making changes to their passports during the year, and excessive bjurokratizatsii procedures. The chamber of accounts in its report points out the defects associated with the failure or the low level of utilization of funds for implementation of the national and Federal projects, deadlines and achievement of results, a large number of change requests of their passports for the adjustment of targets and the reallocation of financial security. A number of results do not affect the achievement of any target national projects, say auditors.
For the implementation of national projects in 2019 of the Federal budget allocated RUB 1.75 trillion They were used at 91%, 2020 moved the remaining 150 billion rubles. the worst was disbursed funds to the national project “Ecology” (66%), for example, within a Federal project, “Introduction of best available technologies” expenses are generally not implemented. The largest volumes of budgetary funds have not mastered the Ministry of education, the Federal road Agency, the Ministry of communications, Ministry of construction and Ministry of economic development. The leaders in the development budget among the regions of Chechnya, Adygea, Tatarstan, Moscow and Penza oblast.
Kudrin said that Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin instructed to understand the reasons for incomplete execution of the budget and “even to name the culprits”. According to him, the relevant decision can be taken by mid-April, when the timing of the government report in the state Duma.
While a change of government development budget “is somewhat retarding” Kudrin acknowledged. However, in his opinion, it did not seriously affect the schedule of execution of the Federal budget it will be close to normal and better than last year.
More than 100% fulfilled expenses only one main Manager of budgetary funds – the Federal penitentiary service of Russia (almost 110%), the report of the accounting chamber. 13 agencies have fully mastered the allocated funds, the majority – 61 Department – development was at the level of 91-100%. 18 spent the budget money for 60-89% of the target. Worst of all was the case of the execution of expenditure in the Ministry of natural resources (mastered 60%), the Federal Agency for the Affairs of nationalities (76%), Ministry of communications, the Federal air transport Agency and the Ministry (at 77%) and Rosmorrechflot (78,5%).
categories of budget expenses most funds were not spent in the section “national economy” (254 bn). According to Kudrin, it is mainly expenditure on subsidies and investment businesses. In addition, large amounts of unexecuted budget allocations, the auditors recorded in sections “national defense” (236 billion rubles) and “National issues” (233 billion rubles.).
the Performance costs of the state program of the chamber also considers too low (94%, which is 1.5 percentage points worse than a year earlier). Not in full costs for 41 of the 42 state programs. The total volume of undeveloped resources amounted to about 700 billion (or 5.9%). It is 1.7 times more than in 2018. Leaders among state programs for unspent funds was “Space activities” (not mastered 29%), “Socio-economic development of the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol” (28%) and “public Finance Management and regulation of financial markets” (17%).
Another “record” – an uneven utilization of budgetary funds in the past year. In the last quarter was used up 32% of all expenses, nearly a third. While December accounted for 18% of all spending, or 3.3 trillion rubles.
the Trend of increasing costs to the end of the year is annual in nature, but last year this trend intensified. In 2018 in the fourth quarter was used up to 30.5% of the budgetand, in 2017, 30.7 percent.
“This irregularity is concerned. It is connected not only with the introduction of investment projects, which are usually payable at the end of the year. This projects a, current expenses, purchase of equipment,” commented Kudrin problem. According to him, in 2019 was a “long rollout of national projects and very complex procedure”. “If barely slept in the beginning of the year, procurement procedures are stretched to the end of the year”, – said the head of the accounts chamber.
however, experts note that the sharp increase in budget expenditures at the end of the year are long-term practice, and some costs associated with the real sector, construction, infrastructure, in principle, can not be uniform. Valuation of the accounts chamber looks a bit formal because it does not answer the question of how effectively funds were spent. In addition, a large amount of budget funds that are not received by the economy, is a logical continuation of strict control over spending, which is typical for the Ministry of Finance.