Loudly declared, but already had time to become rancid international news 31 January at 23:00 UK officially left the European Union. The divorce took place 3.5 years after the referendum. After long consultations and negotiations in Brussels, opposition in the Parliament and early elections even Boris Johnson led the UK to float freely. However, Scotland and Northern Ireland this freedom is not welcome and strongly want to go back to EU, even without London. What will happen next, nobody knows. We only know that Britain begins parallel negotiations on two fronts — on the new format of relations with the United States and the European Union. Deadline: the end of the year. What are the prospects of foggy Albion?
the Border between Ireland and the UK is the best illustration associated with Brexit problems. Now it is fully transparent: no duties and customs clearance to move goods for EU citizens and UK citizens do not require visas.
no border here, in fact. The only difference is that in Northern Ireland a mile. We arrive in Ireland, and there are already speed limits in kilometers. What will happen here next, depends on what agreement the London and Brussels.
most in Northern Ireland are afraid of renewed conflict between Protestant royalists, who act for the United Kingdom and Catholic Republicans, who long for the reunification of Ireland. Still in Belfast — the capital of this region is a huge wall. She shares configured hostile to each other communities.
the Conflict lasted nearly 30 years, claimed over 3 thousand lives. One of the conditions of reconciliation was the commitment to keep Irish border transparent. Brexit jeopardize the peace process.
“If you put on this border of the customs officers that will check people’s documents and inspect the goods, then it is possible that someone decides to attack them. How can they be protected? Put with them cops. But if someone attacks the police, who to protect them? Will have to send soldiers. So, the British military comes in again here, in this part of Ireland. And then there are surely serious problems will arise,” — said Damien Mac Chinnici, the coordinator of the “Border communities against Brexit”.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson on the day Brexit try on a racing car. This year a kind of acceleration he really need if he was going just over 11 months to conclude with the EU a new full-scale contract. The rejection of European regulations and directives, for example, in the field of Finance, aspires to London, the European Union will be met with hostility.
“the European Union is unlikely to appeal if Britain, for example, would not comply with European standards in the field of environmental protection and to change its approach to the protection of social rights. On the continent will be opposed to the British government provided public support to their companies in competitive sectors,” said Jill Rutter, programme Director, Institute of government.
Nothing good from the talks with Brussels do not expect triumphant even today the supporters of Brexit. Although it does not bother them. “We’re going to have a hard time to get even for our exit. All, of course, difficult, possible confusion, but even so it will be better,” sure they are.
the Failure in negotiations will lead to the fact that the UK will be forced to trade with the EU under WTO rules: duties and customs barriers, huge losses and possible closure of the border in Northern Ireland. One of the most respected British scientists — John Curtis believes that, given the overall risks, Brussels and London by the end of the year is still to sign a framework agreement, putting aside for later approval of details.
“the free trade Agreement is likely to budet include explanations that in the next year or two we will act according to this plan, but the final version is yet to be developed professionals,” said John Curtis, Professor of political science at the University of Starthclyde.
While the obvious result of Brexit is that the European Union was less than one country, and very influential. But the question is, what price for your exit now will pay Britain itself?
on the right to self-determination persistently claims included in the United Kingdom is Scotland, which in 2016 voted against secession from the EU. Here has refused to remove the EU flag from the building of the Scottish Parliament, despite Brexit.
In a referendum in 2014, the Scots voted to secede from the UK, but Brexit has given supporters of independence a new force.
a poll conducted recently by the British company Yougov, showed that the independence is ready to vote more than half the population of Scotland: 51%.
“Scotland voted against leaving the Union. It is the Brits want us out of there. And we don’t want. I like to be European. You understand that when I say “British”, I mean the British,” says one of the Scots.
This turn of events in London now can’t afford. The British government has something to lose in Scotland. For example, a strategically important base for submarines with nuclear weapons on Board in the town of Faslane, near Glasgow. Scottish nationalists have long called for its closing.
Next to a strategic target is the world’s oldest camp of pacifists — he has been here for 37 years. Its inhabitants, of course, in favour of the independence of Scotland.
“We did not vote for Boris Johnson and his conservative and are not going to pay for the consequences of its fight with the European Union. People will starve and die, and he will continue to feed their bankers. We in Scotland do not want,” — the locals say.
Boris Johnson recently refused to the Scottish Parliament the right to hold another referendum. But here the ruling national party of Scotland does not intend to abandon their plans.
“Boris Johnson rejects democracy, and we call upon him to answer. I am confident that with the support of the Scots, we will have a referendum. Scotland will become independent and will be a member of the European Union”, — said Ian Blackford, the leader of the Scottish National party in the British Parliament.
Not happy Brexit and at Gibraltar. This fragment of the British Empire, towering over the southern coast of Spain, is a long and hard dispute between Madrid and London. 96% of the vote against a British exit from the EU.
“We have nothing to celebrate. On the contrary, for us it is a day of great sorrow. Many people in Gibraltar wanted to remain in the European Union, and almost 17 million Britons voted in the same way,” said Fabian Picardo, chief Minister of Gibraltar.
Brexit has already given the British a hard three and a half years of uncertainty and political fever has led to the fact that when some solution was found, most of us here breathed a sigh of relief.
in addition, de facto did not yet change: the borders are open, and even for business before the end of the year, the previous conditions persist. But it’s just a pause. In addition the UK from 1 February not ceased participation in the work of the European bodies, none of the issues in relations with Europe has not been solved. In London out of the EU celebrated, but what a Brexit, there is not yet know.
Text: “News of the week”