According to the Executive Director of the National center for ecological-epidemiological safety of Vladislav Zhukov, training in the field of eco-has long been a formality, but because its quality left much to be desired. A few years ago the business moved from a dead point: there are standards for the management of utilities, law on the independent assessment of qualification of employees.
last year we created a platform for students of universities and research institutions to expand access to the legal framework of environmental engineering. We need staff in this field, because in practice, even large enterprises can’t prevent all risks, – Zhukov said at the all-Russian Congress of industrial ecology of the regions.
By the way, higher education institutions actively pursued fields of study for environmental safety, bio-engineering, establish laboratories for monitoring of natural objects. Their condition is monitored and public inspectors-environmentalists – such an institution in the country earned two years ago.
Despite the growth of environmental consciousness of Russians, experts say: due to the distortion of information often fails to reveal the real problem.
– of Criticism from social activists a lot, but they don’t always know how many programs are implementing authorities. While only the government of the Sverdlovsk region has signed agreements with industrial enterprises in the sphere of environmental protection. In the region there is a tendency to improve our environmental performance, – says Yulia Korneeva, co-organizer of the Congress and member of the expert Council under the Federation Council Committee.
Large industrial enterprises is considered the main source of pollution, although each year they invest billions in environmental projects. According to the national project “Ecology” of about seven thousand companies in the country needs by 2024 to obtain integrated environmental permits, performing safety requirements for waste management, etc. In particular regulated by the introduction of best available technologies, which provide a closed production cycle and saving resources.
And yet it is not necessary to expect that all environmental issues will be addressed and the risks removed. Any object from the ecovillage to the plant increases the load on the environment, while even a modern automated closed loop production is not an absolute guarantee against accidents and is completely excludes the human factor. In such a case businesses are advised to insure against the likely damage to the environment, that will compensate him in case of emergency.
– Since 2005, we began the development of the Federal law on mandatory environmental insurance. The direct effect for the year of implementation, according to our calculations, amounted to 105 billion rublesth, from them 68 billion in damages. For example, Norilsk plant, where damage is estimated in 100 billion, the insurance could cover the consequences of the accident, – said Natalia Kovalenko, developer of the bill and the model law on environmental insurance for the CIS countries.
Thanks to this service companies are also hoarding reserves for the timely disposal of waste, fight accumulated environmental damage, which often suffer from local residents. Companies ‘ average expenses on payment of compulsory insurance premiums, according to estimates, the first phase can amount to 100 thousand rubles with the average limit of liability under the contract of insurance of five million, calculated based on the amount of the claim for damages.
by the Way, the overseas market ecostruxure reaches two billion dollars a year, in some countries it is a constant item of expenditure. In Russia such insurance at the discretion of the owners. If the importance of modernization for them is obvious, the appeal to the insurance company, additionally evaluates the implementation of environmental regulations and preventive measures, yet it seems the majority of Industrialists unattractive investment.