the Mood and plans of the agrarians of the Central Federal district, Volga region and South of the country found by the compilers of the next “development Index of agricultural producers of Russia”. Among the respondents – representatives of agricultural holdings and farmers, the main revenue which gives crop. “Rossiyskaya Gazeta” discussed the situation with experts.
the Pandemic had a negative impact on the business, 57 percent of surveyed farms. And only two percent said that the situation for them. The rest are afraid of negativity in the future.
Representatives of large enterprises among the main reasons for pessimism called the dollar spring and a 20 percent increase in prices for supplies.
“Rose plant protection products, fertilizers and fuel. Although two years ago in the spring, too, the dollar was worth 68 rubles, and Agrochemistry was 40 percent cheaper. What has changed? The oil price fell – fuel up,” says the Deputy Director of the Stavropol agricultural holding “Krasnogvardeyskaya” Konstantin Excavation.
One hope for a successful export. “If the rate is 70-72 of the ruble, the profits will get,” says Earthy. The other currency value growers “gives way” and the revenues and profits, confirmed the CEO of the Kursk enterprise “Granros agro” Sergey Miruk. “If the dollar will be worth 68 rubles at the time of the harvest, he explained, then our revenues will be reduced even in rubles. Exports may fall: the South of the country do not want to work at that price”. To sell grain cheaply will have only small farms to repay loans, said Excavation.
And yet, according to the index, more than half of the growers are still hoping to increase their income. If not this season then next for sure. Increase can ensure high productivity and low production costs.
Increase productivity in 2020 expect 68 percent of the survey participants (almost 10 percent more than in 2019). The key role here, in their opinion, play the plant protection products and quality seeds. Every second noted the contribution of management and precision agriculture technologies.
the Structure of sown areas in the centre and South has changed. But this is not associated with coronariana, and General market conditions. According to General Director IKAR Dmitry Rylko, even in the fall it was clear that the South will increase the crops of wheat and barley as profitable and stable crops.
“In the Central zone held a record sowing of winter crops. And then took a huge wedge spring wheat. The picture is unusual: 20 years was a shift to winter crops, – said Rylko. – Close to a record for sowing sunflower and corn”. In the Voronezh region has extended the area under crops with export potential: soy, corn, barley.
In the Central Federal district production of corn for grain previously razv��involved at a faster pace: silos and drying capacity is not enough. Economy have less to do in this culture. Now objects for drying and storage were added, so that the corn will easily occupy the position. She has a good profitability, there are new markets.
the situation is Similar – around soy. “One time in Central Russia was put on her records, and then came the disappointment. The reason is simple: there is no processing. Now just build a few such plants,” – said Rylko.
Invested agribusiness and logistics. So, in Kursk the company started its export terminal to “interesting period to ship as many cars as necessary”, said Sergey Miruk.
“the Main thing, – he said, – we can’t be crippled by actions that inhibit the natural competition. Otherwise everyone will be trying to take out the grain in the dollar area, to create the peak load for capacity for transshipment. Lose and the margin, and the attractiveness of the business, and their reputation as suppliers.” The colleague was supported the Excavation, noting that the need for clear guidance on strategic grain reserves on the domestic market and freedom to sell the surplus.
“Yes, in 2020 the decision to restrict the export of grain to seven million tonnes (from 1 April to 30 June) had a reason, – says the General Director of IKAR. – Wheat raked to the grain, the flour millers in Siberia had problems. But the system to declare the export quota for each second half – it means to slow down the investments, which the industry deserves.”
According to the plans of farmers for investments is noticeable that many are not confident in the future.
to Increase investments in the business intended almost two thirds of respondents. But if a year earlier to replenish core capital (to buy equipment, build warehouses) was about 86%, now the share of these companies decreased by 20 percent. And increased the share of those increases investment in working capital (seeds, fertilizers, agrochemicals).
That is, farmers concentrated on immediate tasks. “The companies do not have strategic development programs, investment depends on the season and are sometimes made internally, for example, when the desired reseeding, – said official representative of “assets by Syngenta” Anton Pushkarev.
“the Market APK because of the pandemic, is in a state of high uncertainty, and the majority of households chooses stabilization strategy, – said Dmitry Rylko. The depreciation of the ruble, on the one hand, is beneficial to farmers. On the other – makes it difficult for them to access advanced world technologies”. According to the analyst, the consequences of a pandemic COVID-19 will be felt for a long time. However, judging by the responses of farmers to them is not her main problem. More significant threats remain fluctuations in the currency market and the vagaries of the weather. So they increased the crops “stable” wheat, hoping for favorable conditions for export.