The second branch of the Third is not a decree
the Report of the head of the third section of His Imperial Majesty’s Own Chancellery and the chief of gendarmes, count Alexey Fyodorovich Orlov attests to the important political error on the part of a young but already famous historian Alexander Nikolayevich Popov (1820 – 1877).
the Error was that of the priests in his article on the Eastern question, written in 1854, spoke about the secret conversation of Nicholas I with the English envoy sir George Hamilton Seymour. The Emperor proposed to England to share the legacy of the disintegrating Ottoman Empire. And although the position of the historian was absolutely loyal, and he recognized the rightness of his Emperor, the secret police has prepared a certificate, which-as you might expect, the article has not been published. We will try to understand the details of the story.
Historian A. N. Popov.Respecial Royal secrets
Ryazan nobleman Alexander Popov at the age of 19 in 1839, he graduated from the law faculty of Moscow University in 1846 was a member of the II Department of His Imperial Majesty’s Chancellery, in charge of the codification of laws and legal review. At the end of life this is a man known and accomplished historian of the Slavophile direction, privy councillor (1868), corresponding member of the Imperial St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences (1873).
the Great scientist married for 28 years after the proposals made
Alexander was the author of numerous works on the history of Russia and the Slavic peoples participated in the activities of the Society of history and Russian antiquities at Moscow University, was Secretary of the Russian archaeological society, a member of the Council of the Imperial Russian historical society. In the last years of life.neither was actively engaged in the history of the Napoleonic wars, published a series of articles in historical journals, three монографии2, ready to print General study of the Patriotic war of 1812. The works of Popova have had and continue to have a significant impact on the Russian историков3.
E. Botman. Portrait of Nicholas I, 1856.What he was not pleased with Royal power?
the article on the history of the Eastern question he according to information taken from foreign Newspapers, told of a conversation of Nicholas I with the English envoy sir George Hamilton Seymour (1797 – 1880), held shortly before the outbreak of hostilities with Turkey on 9 January 1853, the Emperor, as mentioned above, offered England to think in advance about the partition of the inheritance of the decaying Ottoman Empire. The proposal caused shock in London and accelerated the process of creating anti-Russian коалиции4.
In 1854, this information is for anybody was not a secret. But maintained the order of Nicholas I, dated may 7, 1826, banning any publications in the Russian press “on political types” императора5. Therefore, the censors missed the article Попова6. Instead, the article was sent in part III, where the chief of gendarmes, count Orlov made a certificate stating who the priests and what is his political mistake. The eagles, of course, reported the case to the Nikolai I, and the decision on non-admission of the article for publication was, presumably, made by императором7.
the Published writings of historian.The anachronistic censorship
Below this information, preserved in the Fund of 109 HECTARES of the Russian Federation, is published in full for the first time introduced into scientific circulation. When you publish a saved document style, spelling and punctuation according to the current rules. The underlined words are underlined in the text of the document.
“Seen Slavophile thought.”
Popov, in his article, talking about the Eastface-to-face question, about the rightness of Russia in this war and the humiliation of what put England and France, protecting the banners of Mahomet, proves that Russia has neither reason nor intention to expand its limits and that Britain and France ignited the war just to, to weaken Russia, and more to extend the power of your Turkey.
How Nicholas I pardoned drunk Sexton
Popov highlighted conversation of the Emperor with Lord Seymour and the correspondence of St. Petersburg office London regarding the upcoming destruction of the Turkish Empire. He examines in detail all the thoughts, all the words of the Sovereign Lord Seymour, and on the basis of the reasoning of His Majesty, also citing historical facts, proves that Russia, in the case of the disintegration of Turkey can not afford any conquest of Turkey by what ever strong Western power, nor restore the old Byzantine Empire or the creation of small republics; and that one only can assume, that When-Danubian [SIC. – Auth.] Княжества8, Serbia and Bulgaria formed an independent tenure under the patronage of Russia.
British Ambassador, George Hamilton Seymour.
help. Affairs of the 3rd branch of the famous Alexander Popov brought up in the University of Moscow, who travelled through the lands of the Western Slavs and in 1847 published his Journey to Montenegro. In this essay seen Slavophile thought. However, neither at that time nor after has not been obtained personally of the writer no adverse information.
Which forbade the Charter about censorship, which 190 years ago was approved by Nicholas I
Consideration. In this article, Popova there is nothing wrong: he everywhere finds an unlimited loyalty to the Emperor and Fatherland. But in this article the conversation of the Emperor with Lord Seymour set out on foreign Newspapers, while in Russian Newspapers about this was mentioned very briefly, with the addition that some of the words were His Majesty in a moment of passion and, moreover, the priests not only repeats these words, but extends the reasons for which Ohe was told, and as it says for the Emperor. He says very wisely and to the glory of Russia; but the Emperor knows whether it is according to the thoughts of His Majesty, and whether it would be pleasing to His Majesty that these sincere thoughts of Him were expressed in print?
“5” May 9, 1854.
Published works of the historian.
1. The publication was prepared with financial support of RFBR under project implementation N 18-09-00056А “Documentary and epistolary heritage of A. N. Popov.”
2. Popov A. N. Relations of Russia with the European powers. Before the war of 1812 St. Petersburg., 1876. ; He. Moscow in 1812. M., 1876; He. The French in Moscow in 1812. M., 1876.
3. Bezotosnyi V. M. Popov, Alexander // the Patriotic war of 1812 and the liberation campaign of the Russian army in 1813-1814. Encyclopedia: In 3 t. / OTV. edited by V. M. bezotosnyi, A. A. Smirnov. Vol. 3. P – J. M., 2012. P. 134.
4. Tarle, E. V. the Crimean war. Vol. 1. M., 2003. P. 144-145. Nicholas I reiterated and developed its proposal in several meetings with Hamilton Seymour in January (especially January 14) and February 1853 (ibid. P. 145).
5. Orlov A. A. From historyRII Russian censorship and journalism in the 1820s: two archival document // Teacher XXI century. 2017. N 4. Part 2. P. 333.
6. See, eg.: Mike P. M. The Decree. Op. P. 514-517; Popov, al, etc. Nichol. // Gennadi G. Reference dictionary of Russian writers and scientists, who died in the XVIII and XIX centuries and the List of Russian books from 1725 to 1825. With the Foreword. A. Titov. Vol. 3. N – R. M., 1908. S. 174-175; Vanean S. S. Popov, Alexander // Russian writers. 1800-1917. Biographical dictionary / CH. edited by P. A. Nikolaev. Vol. 5. P – C. M., 2007. Pp. 74-76.
7. Popov returned to the subject or to the background themes of the Eastern question in its publication “Turkish war in the reign of Feodor Alekseevich”. – Russian Gazette, 1857. Vol. 8, No. 6 (March). KN. 2. P. 143-180; N 7 (April). KN. 1. P. 285-328.
8. This refers to the principalities Moldavia and Wallachia.
9. GARF. F. 109. Op. 4. D. 355. Certificate Popov A., put in his article on the Eastern question information that is not published in the Russian press, about the conversation of Nicholas I to Lord Seymour. 5 may 1854 L. 1-2.