Polish archaeologists, who conducted excavations on the territory of the Czech Republic, found evidence that lived during the ice age around 30 thousand years ago the Europeans had eaten the meat of a wolf.
according to Nauka w Polsce, archaeological evidence of this practice Polish scientists have gathered for several years. They conducted excavations in Pavlov and Dolni Vestonice near the Czech city of Brno. Until now, the dominant opinion was that the ancient people mined wolves solely for their skins. It was thought that their meat was not eaten because of its “bad taste”.
But a new study refutes this hypothesis. In the Czech Republic was one of the oldest known settlements. About 30 thousand years ago there existed a kind of village in which the huts were built in groups.
During the excavations in this area was discovered thousands of fragments of flint tools, numerous tools and decorations made, including from the bones of reindeer, Arctic Fox teeth and mammoth tusks. Was found and tens of thousands of bones of other animals that were scattered among the ruins of the huts.
“When viewed from the bones of wolves, we found dozens of specimens, which show clear cut marks, says Dr. Peter Wojtal of the Cracow Institute of systematics and evolution of animals at the Polish Academy of Sciences. Some of them were left by Paleolithic hunters when skinning, but there are those that can only be associated with the butchering of the carcasses. That is, it traces the cutting of carcasses into smaller pieces”.
the nature of the traces also indicates that meat carefully cut from the bones. Similar traces are often found on the bones of other animals whose meat people ate. It is cut before cooking.
it is Interesting that such traces were found by Polish archaeologists also on the bones of wolverines, Arctic foxes, and foxes. It seems that Europeans of the ice age and ate meat of these animals. However, this was not often. Most of the bones with signs of “cooking” butchering belong to the hares, and reindeer.
“typically, in settlements of this time period is dominated by the bones of herbivorous animals, says Wojtal. – Probably the people with the great pleasure eaten their meat. But it seems logical that in the case of hunting the wolf the rejection of its meat would be a significant loss, especially in those periods when production was less. It seems that all parts of the carcasses of these carnivores has been used to the maximum.”
By the way, in the Parking lot in Pavlov were also found bones and teeth of the largest predators of that period, cave lion, cave and brown bears.
“Although the remains of lions and bears are not very numerous, they, too, were found traces proving that the hunters of that time the maximum used dead carcasses of their predators, says Wojtal. – As in the case of wolves, wolverines and foxes, cut marks on the bones of lions and bears indicate that they originated not only in the skinning, but also in butchering. Probably the hunters of the Paleolithic ate and the meat of these large predators”.