In Africa, a green wonder of the world. An 8000-Kilometer-long barrier of trees and plants, to be built by 2030. The so-called Green wall stretches from Senegal in the West to Djibouti in the East Africa along the Sahel Region.

A miracle of nature, the backs of millions of people Jobs, food and a future. The ambitious project to counteract the climate change and desertification. However, it is still a long way to the wall.

What is the Problem?

countries in Africa have since the 1960s an extreme population growth. In Niger, around three million people lived in 1960, for example. Today, there are 21 million. Many of the people and their livestock occupy the soil and the nature. Combined with climate change, a rapidly progressing desertification is the result of.

The Sahel desert from spreading and makes the soil infertile. Droughts, food shortages and conflicts over resources continue to plague the populations. The UN estimates that 50 million people will be refugees in the next decade, climate. To counteract this, in 2007, initiated the project “Green wall of Africa” to life. Thus, the country should be made in the Sahel Region fertile again.

Through the Green wall shall:

100 million acres of Land made fertile again 20all millions of people access to food bekommen350’000 Jobs werden250 million tons of CO2 from the atmosphere, filtered Where is the project?

the project plan is to work, must be made each year, tens of millions of acres of Land fertile again. This corresponds to an area the Size of Iceland. From this speed it is still far away. Currently, the progress of the project is around 15 percent.

Nevertheless, the project has achieved important successes:

In Senegal, 12 million trees have been planted, the long periods of drought, can withstand.In Ethiopia, 15 million hectares were planted on barren Land again refreshed and new.In Nigeria, there were five million hectares of Land.In Niger, five million hectares of Land have been nursed back to health. Thanks to the good management of the country, including the smallest villages now two and a half million people with food supplies.In Burkina Faso, three million hectares of Land were made usable again. The villages were the “Zaï”technique, the holes are dug, in termites, in order to loosen up the soil so water can easy penetrate.Also in Uganda, Mali and Rwanda, several hundred thousand acres of Land were refreshed again.

After a decade of work, it was also clear that the original Vision of the wall is the best solution. The Green wall of Africa was originally supposed to be a 15 km “thin” trees. A true wall. The new Plan is the Sahel desert, with a large Band of plants and trees to include. Also the countries to the North of the desert, such as Algeria and Tunisia are now involved.

Who is funding the Green wall of Africa?

As coordinator of the project, the African Union acts – the African counterpart to the EU. 21 African countries to support the Initiative. The African Union is working hard with partners such as the EU, FAO, world Bank and the UN.

participants of the Paris climate summit in 2015, languages of a collected the support of four billion dollars for the Green wall. Among the biggest supporters of the French government, the EU and the world Bank.

in 2018, was announced by the government of Ireland that you want to support the Green wall with 1.2 million euros. Over a Million trees in Africa were planted. She calls it the “Laudato Tree Project”.

Irish President Michael D. Higgins says: “the ability to unite countries and communities in solidarity, the Green wall of Africa for the best kind of international cooperation that we need in this century.”

For every fifth tree in Africa is planted in addition in Ireland. Ireland is the EU country with the lowest Tree. The connection between Ireland and the Green wall was created by a papal visit to Ireland, when Pope Francis for the protection of the environment spoke.

China announced in 2018, it wants to support the project. The Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and geography, will contribute experts and technology.

the official partners of The great Green wall of Africa:

The African Unionthe food and agriculture organization of the United Nations (FAO), global environment facility Frank reichdie IUCNDie WeltbankDas permanent inter-state Committee for drought control in the Sahel (CILSS), The EU, the Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew), The Sahara and the Sahel ObservatoriumDie desert Convention of the United Nations (UNCCD)