Frantisek Bogushevich – one of the founders of modern Belarusian literature. Photo: ru.wikipedia.org
In his youth, able to science and graduated from the gymnasium in Vilna in the top four graduates of Frank was still lucky at least four times. The first time he was lucky with the ancestors of the petty gentry of Bogushevichi, came from Polotsk province, settled in Caslano from 1749 and was able to prove to the Russian authorities its aristocratic origins. When the future poet was finishing the gymnasium in Vilna 1861-m, the authorities of the school district questioned the papers of the poor young man, signed by the Marshal of the nobility of the Oshmiany district. Many thousands of families of the gentry were excluded from the nobility, but the documents of Bogushevichi Empire believed.
the Second happy event was expected františek in St. Petersburg University, where he was in the autumn of 1861 he entered the physics and mathematics faculty, and the cause of poverty on the state-owned Costa. Warmly sympathizing with the incident then the student unrest, Bogushevich after two months of studying I decided to leave the capital of the Empire. But the stigma of being a rioter and a barrier in the way of career not received, diplomatically saying that “because neblagopryatnye climate Council to use me doctor I should go to my homeland.”
the Third smile of fortune was waiting for 23-year-old young man is already at home in a tragic moment for him. In the summer of 1863 active rebel Bogushevich was wounded in the leg but managed to hide behind the fallen horse. Father, brother and sister františek held accountable for their rebel case, but he investigation and trial avoided. Not confiscated the estate in Caslano, which in those days was a big success.
Finally, the fourth attack of happiness waylaid Bogushevich in the spring of 1865, when he started on a completely legal conditions to study at the Lyceum in Nizhyn: powstaniecpast the power to unearth lazy. Helped a good friend, the famous Polish anthropologist, Jan Karlovich, and with the lack of money františek surely fought himself, honestly earning a reputation as an intelligent tutor.
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In his native land he would return only under Alexander III in 1884, the holder of two Russian orders of St. Stanislav of the 3rd degree and St. Anna 3rd degree, when oblique views towards the former rebels at the official level was reduced. Modest salary of a coroner, to whom Bogushevich served more than 15 years, was replaced by a 14-year-old law practice in the Vilna district court. A middle-aged barrister has earned flattering among simple people the reputation of a “peasant defender”. And only in these later years he begins his literary career, and in life under his own name nor a single text in the Belarusian language did not appear. Two illegal foreign books were signed by pseudonyms. Have published in 1891 in Krakow “Dudka Belarusian” the author was listed Maciej Burachok, and the “Smyk Belarusian”, released in 1894 in poznań – by Symon Reuka from Borisov. 28 APR 1900 died outwardly law-abiding and well-intentioned nobleman Bogushevich, writer Bogushevich expected posthumous fame.
His legacy is small, much of the writing is lost. The topic that has been preserved in traditional Slavic and General European slovesnosti of XIX century – the grave of peasant share. It seems everything has already been said, all beaten: Bogushevich, in particular, inherits the Railway Nekrasov, with its “tall sick Belarusians”. In the poem “the Bad guy like a crow” we read that “the pot light entwined” peasant strandKim’s work. But it is very important for two fundamental things – everything is first written in the native men of the Belarusian language and is written with a rare for the era insight into real farm life.
Not by chance the direct successors of the heritage Bogushevich were two Belarusian classics Yanka Kupala and Yakub Kolas
Juror attorney succeeded in something that has not reached many of his contemporaries, who tried to win the sympathy of rural people. Bogushevich, in fact, made a good “going to the people” – in contrast to many intelligent urban populists, whose Declaration of love a man will often listen did not want at all. In a Foreword to “Dudka Belarusian” are not only understandable explanation of the real significance of the native Belarusian peasants language, but also a clear understanding that the Belarusians are a great nation with an ancient history. Here Belarusian demographics as of 1891 from Maciej Burachok: “We’re not a handful, and under six million”, and here is the geography: “Where is now Belarus? There, my friends, it is where our language lives, it’s from Vilnius to Mozyr, from Vitebsk, almost to Chernigov, where the Grodno, Minsk, Mogilev, Vilna, and many towns and villages.”
180 years ago was born one of the founders of modern Belarusian literature
And Oh how easy a careful reading of narodaya Bogushevich! Belonging entire life to “Polish the world” and in everyday life as a good friend of the famous writer Eliza Ozheshko, it is in reality firmly opposed the picture of the world, according to which the Belarusian lands are the territory of the Polish cultural circle. In the minds of contemporary poles have already been favorite hero Henryk Sienkiewicz, cornet Orsha, Andrzej Kmicic from the novel “the Flood”, the readers humble the poet had every reason to speak about the Belarusian naturee vast territories, where the peasants speak Belarusian.
And it is no coincidence the direct successors to the legacy of Bogushevich in the early twentieth century were two Belarusian classic Yanka Kupala and Yakub Kolas. Well, for the details welcome to the Museum Koshlano – the journey is worth it.