Turkey does not sound heavy pressure on China proper. According to German Professor Susanne Schröder, the political and economic expectations of China play a decisive role in the calmness of the AKP government, which has become lonely in foreign policy.
Western countries react most to China’s repression policies and human rights violations. In the past, Turkey and other Muslim countries with Uighur refrains from raising the voice against the Beijing government. Director of the Frankfurt Center for Global Islamic Studies (FFGI) Dr. According to Susanne Schröder, the economic calculations and interests lie behind this attitude of Muslim countries.
If he goes to worldwide Tayyip President Rexhep the claim to defend the rights of Muslims Erdogan’s why the return of the Uighurs policy German expert explains with these words: “Turkey’s worsening relations with the West. Turkey political alternative and in this context in the alliance quest with China. Also in a difficult Turkey’s economy and urgently needs good business relations. ”
Professor of the Frankfurt-based think tank FFGI, known for his research into the Islamic world, Dr. Here are the questions and answers to Susanne Schröder:
DW: The system of supervision, surveillance and retraining implemented by the People’s Republic of China in Xinjiang camps has come to light in all its dimensions. What does this system reveal?
Schröter: The Chinese government is an overly authoritarian government that oppresses any opposition in every way. Not only the Uighur opposition, but also those who demand liberalization or democratization and different minorities are targeted. In the past, for example, the Falun Gong movement has been suppressed in incredible ways, and the supporters of the Dalai Lama in Tibet have also been subjected to oppression. That is why it is not surprising that the Uighur opposition has done so. Reclamation camps are a very usual tool in the twentieth century history of communist China, bringing people to the line of the Communist Party, scare the opposite views. Everyone who opposed China’s political leadership was targeted in this way.
What is the basis of the Chinese administration’s actions in Xinjiang?
The Uighurs established an independence movement, and for the Chinese leadership, this is a valid reason for the application of repression in an extremely violent way. In addition, there is a separatist movement not only political but also Muslim in Xinjiang. This movement, known as the East Turkestan Islamic Movement, is recognized by both the UN and the US as a terrorist organization. In 2014, for example, large attacks similar to those at the Kunming railway station, where 30 people were killed, were carried out by Uighur radicals. The Chinese leadership justifies the measures it has taken against the Uighurs with such attacks.… To date, the Chinese Administration has achieved its goal with such methods. There is no space for Uighurs under heavy surveillance and monitoring. These methods violate human rights. But in this way, the Chinese administration has achieved its goal by ensuring that there is no resistance.
Why do Islamic countries not hear the oppressions targeted by Muslims and the experiences there?
The repression of the Uighurs is largely criticized by the West. Until a few years he is acting on behalf of Turkey Uighurs. In fact, Erdogan spoke of a genocide in 2009. Erdogan has supported the Uighur independence movement for a long time, agreeing to Turkey’s political leaders, have recognized the right of asylum and had allowed political activities to show. This was a necessity for Erdogan to be the protector of panturkism or of the Ummah and Uighurs. This has changed completely. In 2017, the Turkish foreign minister issued a message of hardening against the Uighurs in exile. They are no longer allowed to perform demonstrations and political activities. Some were even arrested. Erdogan even praised Beijing’s minority policies during his visit to China in the summer of this year.
What do you attribute to this U-turn in Erdoğan’s policies?
There are two reasons for this. First, Turkey’s relations with the West deteriorated. Turkey political alternative in this context and in the quest for alliances with China. He also urgently needs to have good trade relations and Turkey’s economy. Because developments in the field of human rights in Turkey’s economic relations with the West are starting to effective. However, China doesn’t care if Erdoğan has put pressure on the opposition.
What is the attitude of other Islamic countries towards China?
Iran does not criticize China’s minority policies. China is Iran’s largest oil customer. In addition, China is developing joint economic relations with Iran’s oil and natural projects. Pakistan and Saudi Arabia do not criticize China for economic reasons. Even Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman praised China’s minorities policy. Other Arab states made similar statements. Again, economic relations play a decisive role in these countries.
Islamic states are governed by authoritarian regimes