the Vatican has joined forces with the technical giants Microsoft and IBM in the development of regulations on the ethical development of artificial intelligence (AI) and called for the regulation of technologies such as facial recognition, according to Reuters. The document was presented in the conference on AI, organized by the Pontifical Academy of life protection.
the paper reported that artificial intelligence needs to respect the privacy of the person and work reliably and impartially. The principle of decision-making should be transparent.
Pope Francis in the letter expressed concern about the uncontrolled proliferation of artificial intelligence technologies. In a speech read on his behalf at the conference, special attention was paid to the possibility of abuse of facial recognition technology and systems, extraction of data for commercial or political purposes, often without the knowledge of individuals.
the Pontiff noted that the current asymmetry, where the chosen few know everything about us, dulls critical thinking and understanding of freedom. Pope Francis believes that a serious risk to democratic society may result in a situation where knowledge and wealth are concentrated in narrow circles.
the head of the Vatican stated that it was necessary to encourage new forms of regulation to promote transparency and compliance with ethical principles, especially in relation to advanced technologies, which have a higher risk of impact on human rights.
it is not clear whether other technology companies to sign a document or as the signatory companies will apply these principles. Present at the conference, IBM and Microsoft stated that they refused projects if felt fears of the possible unethical use of their artificial intelligence technology.
the Rome conference was the latest example of the Vatican trying to be ahead of everyone in technology and social issues to affect of the pioneers of the future, regardless of their religion. Vatican officials said they could prepare material for the papal document on AI, as well as meetings with scientists helped shape the epoch-making Encyclical “Laudato Si” on the protection of the environment in 2015.
last month, the head of the Alphabet and Google Sundar Pichai also urged to settle the use of technology with the use of artificial intelligence. In his opinion, to control the development of technology needs as working on her company and the state.
Former CEO of Google, Sundar Pichai, who now heads the parent company of the search engine Google, says that AI is one of the most promising technologies. But at the same time, says Pichai, in history there are examples of when technologies have a double effect, for example the Internet has connected people and gave them access to the data, but at the same time allows easier spread of misinformation. Pichai also cites the invention of the internal combustion engine, the introduction of which provoked numerous accidents.
the CEO of Alphabet believes that the need to develop international standards of work with artificial intelligence based on key values. According to him, “international harmonization will be crucial to ensure global standards.”
For the state regulation of the ground may become European law on the protection of user data (GDPR), said Pichai. “For some scenarios such as the use of algorithms in medical legal instruments, including the cardiac monitors, the existing standards is a good starting point [for the development of the regulation]. For more new areas like self-driving cars, governments will have to introduce appropriate new rules, which take into account all relevant costs and benefits,” concluded the CEO of Alphabet.
Google in 2018 formed their principles of operation with artificial intelligence. But the provisions that remain on paper, mean nothing, says Pichai, Google has developed a special procedure, such as checking for compliance of new products human rights.
the European Commission in February proposed rules for the use of artificial intelligence (AI). In the implementation in the areas of high risk such as health and transport, artificial intelligence system needs to be transparent so they could be under the control of the person. The document States that the AI must “comply with the law, ethical standards, and be reliable,” and all these components must be considered equally. If any of them is absent, the society must immediately remedy this shortcoming.
the Directive identifies seven main factors in ethical development of AI. Artificial intelligence should be created in support of personal subjectivity, and not Vice versa; he should be reliable, robust and devoid of vulnerabilities before the attacks; the citizens in turn need to have control over their data, and these data should not be used to harm.
While the Directive is in the form of draft. After the document will consider and discuss the industry, the EU plans to develop a set of specific rules that are binding on all market participants.