the New circumstances caused by the “invasion” of coronavirus, require that Federal, regional and municipal authorities of new integrated approaches to solving the security issue. How to look like a reliable town? How to maintain public safety without infringing on the rights of citizens? What technology will bring safety to a new level? This was discussed at the conference and RBC 100+ Forum Russia “Safe city: new challenges and solutions”.
According to the Director of ITV Group Murata Altueva, the global trend in the security of cities – total surveillance. At least, it provides inevitability of punishment: history knows many examples when the videos helped solve serious crimes, for example, the explosions in the subway. Modern video monitoring system installed in crowded places – it’s not just cameras that record what is happening. Endowed with artificial intelligence, they are capable of in a few moments to analyze the threat to the life and health of citizens at the sudden change in posture. For example, if a person was preparing to shoot or fell and immediately got up. Moreover, such control does not violate the rights of citizens to privacy and image on the monitor schematic, and only in emergency situations, the image increases and becomes clear.
the Actual new product that is gaining popularity in large office centers and businesses with an electronic form of the passes, – access system for production, equipped with a device for the contactless measurement of temperature. Still pyrometer in the hands of the guard most people is rejection and often leads to conflicts: in principle, there is no law that compels a person to measure the temperature every day. And electronics just don’t open in front of a man with fever turnstile.
the Chief architect of Moscow Sergey Kuznetsov also said video surveillance one of the cornerstones of safety. Total control will evolve, whether we like it or not, he said. But safe the city is, first of all, “healthy” urban planning. Pandemic gave the people a harsh but useful lesson in ensuring your own health, you cannot rely on medicine. And after removing all restrictions, he said, the city will significantly increase the number of supporters of a healthy lifestyle, will increase the demand for Bicycle paths, playgrounds, etc. From the movement will prevail. “Of course, the historical center in a root does not change – he said “RG”. – In young neighborhoods fared better, but they are far from ideal for many reasons. We still partially apply the Soviet standards of construction. Plays a role and mentality of people. For example, many residents of “Khrushchev” and relocation the renovation programme, still wish to live above the fifth floor.”
the man In the street to live in a low-rise building still safer than in a skyscraper – at least from the point of view of evacuation at a possible accident. Why, then, are our cities so hard growing up, not breadth? On this issue, “RG” replied the inhabitant of Ekaterinburg, the compact Russian millionaire, ranked third in the country by number of buildings number of floors 20+, Executive Director of the Association of builders of Ural Marbelous: “First of all, because a large part of the population tends to live closer to the city centre, and in the center more profitable to build flats. Although we do not exclude that after the pandemic, many people will think about when buying a home to choose a private house in the city.”
In the opinion of the supervisor of the faculty of urban and regional development, national research UNIVERSITY “Higher school of Economics” Mikhail Blinkin at his, the security situation in Moscow over the past 10 years has improved significantly. Now megapolis is one of the safest cities in Europe. Take the wide pavements in the centre – those who are so critical of motorists say, they expanded to the detriment of the traffic. But the city is for people, not for machines, the expert reminded. For example, on the streets before the reconstruction, the width of the sidewalk at one of the buildings was 80 centimeters! That is, it even two men could not disperse without having to not step on the carriageway, risking to please under wheels. “Imagine you came out of the subway, to home, a mile away. If there is a wide sidewalk and narrow the roadway, you probably will walk. With the broad road and the narrow sidewalk – take the bus. What means of transportation during a pandemic the level of your security above”?- asks the judge.
of Course, it is somewhat controversial statement. But scientists and epidemiologists have reported that the highest chance of catching the virus in public transport. Will not decrease if his popularity in Moscow after the removal of all restrictions?
“a purple line of Moscow subway from Kotelnikov to the side of the glider on weekdays, every hour carrying 65 thousand people, – said “RG” Mikhail Blinkin. – Let’s say, a thousand of them will go on foot, thousands more will go on a personal car, and five thousand on bikes. But the others still down in the subway. While city living, public transport a serious alternative. Moreover, the level of safety of the Moscow subway is the best in the world.”