Value art enamel over many centuries, is on a par with precious stones. And not only in color depth, Shine, strength, use of paints on the basis of powdered gems. The main thing — the art of hand painting. Jewelry with enamel unique: they keep the old traditions of the craft and the individuality of the artist. In Russia, historically one of the best schools work with enamel in the world. “Kommersant. Style” studied the history of development and current proposals.Storepurse decoration with enamel appeared in Ancient Greece and later in Ancient Egypt, Persia, India, China. The place of flourishing of enamel art is the Byzantine Empire, where in the end Hoca it came to Europe and later appeared in Russia, where he began to develop in a special way. In Russia used several types of enameling: cloisonne (enamel poured into a cell formed by the metal partitions), champlevé (enamel is placed in special grooves made in the metal plate) and the picturesque (a metal plate covered with white enamel and hand painted with enamel paints). The last type become the most renowned and received the name of the Russian finift (from the Greek “fingitis” — “bright, shining stone”). Scenic maliverny enamel miniature as a separate art form came to Russia in the XVIII century from the French city of Limoges and gradually became the most popular in the country and enamel appliances. Master enamel artists worked in Moscow and St. Petersburg, but the real centers of enamel art began Rostov and Vologda. Rostov masters is mainly engaged in ecclesiastical orders. They made enamel items for decoration of Church utensils, salaries of icons, vestments and a small enamel icon of the pilgrims took with them the memory of the monasteries of the city. Photo: Elena OkutovaВологодские masters were famous for their images of flowers, birds, animals. The most recognizable of their reception was the pattern “Tulip”. Secular orders finift gaining popularity. In the nineteenth century, in Vogue jewelry and jewelry boxes, clocks, snuff-box with enamel accents. Art enamel used jewelry jewelers such as Faberge, Ovchinnikov, Khlebnikov, Postnikov, and others. After the revolution, interest in enamel for some time faded, however enamel art continued to live largely due to the creation of the factory “Rostov enamel”, which is still famous for its craftsmen all over the world.Technologytechnology of painting on enamel resembles porcelain painting. The basis for enamel miniatures is a thin metal plate. It is covered on both sides with a dense layer of a single colour (most often white) enamel, dried and fired several times in the special��heating furnace at a temperature of 700-800°C. the refractory Enamel paints, the artist creates a pattern in several stages, gradually drawing the finer details and adding new colors. Each layer is fired, and each time under the influence of the temperature change its color. In order to get thin, exquisite pattern, sometimes you need to make seven or more firings. With every miniature master works under the microscope, and work it takes from several hours to several days. Feature enamel miniature is its durability. Colors will never fade, color purity, brightness and luster forever. They are not afraid of moisture or change of temperature, no direct sunlight, no pollution. The only thing that stands to protect the enamel decoration is from falls, which can cause cracks or chips. Enamel segodnyaschy our time, when on the background of globalization, especially appreciated manual labor and almost lost the identity of local artists, it’s nice to be the owner of a unique piece of jewelry with painted enamel. It can be a bright accent in the image and “intelligent” accessory, which will tell about the taste and style of its owner. You can fill your jewelry box antique enamel earrings the beginning of the XIX century brooch authorship of modern Rostov masters or to appeal to the Russian jewellery brand Ilgiz. F, Liza Borzaya, Axenoff, which is known for its enamel jewelry not only in Russia but also abroad.Maria Sevostyanova